Energy is defined in science as the ability to do work. The scientific community is not satisfied with this description, because it is impossible to define energy precisely. There are many different types of energy
It is worth noting that there are additional types of energy involved in the transmission of energy from one body to another, such as heat and work. Joules are the metric for energy.
1. Joule is the amount of work done when a force of 1 Newton displaces a body through a distance of 1m in the direction of the force applied.
Because energy is an abstract concept rather than a tangible object, it is difficult to describe it precisely. However, like we said earlier, energy is a term that refers to a person's ability to work. Because energy is related to the mass of an item, it is one of the measuring systems. The body's capacity to exert a push or pull against natural forces such as gravity determines the type of energy it is. The body of an item at rest is said to have potential energy. In another situation, when an item is moving, it is said to have kinetic energy.
When potential energy is converted into various forms of energy, it affects the item in the surroundings. A rock just at the peak of the mountain is thought to illustrate a body with potential energy. The rock has kinetic energy when it falls. Gravity potential energy is energy retained in a body as a result of its elevation. Waterfalls, for example, contain both kinetic and potential energy. The elevation of the waterfall is one of the energy foundations, while water flow is a kinetic energy foundation.
The type of energy stored in a body is determined by its attributes. When an item travels, potential energy is converted to kinetic energy. Unlike the electric potential, kinetic energy may be transmitted from one object to another by impact.
|KINETIC ENERGY||POTENTIAL ENERGY|
|Kinetic energy is the type of energy that exists in a body as a result of its motion.||The sort of energy present in a body as a result of its condition is known as potential energy.|
|It is easily transferable from one body to another||It is not transferable from one body to another.|
|The variables that determine kinetic energy are speed or velocity and mass.||The deciding considerations, in this case, are Height, length, and weight|
|Kinetic energy may be seen in the form of flowing water.||Potential energy may be seen in the form of water at the summit of a hill.|
|In terms of nature, it is relative.||In terms of nature, it is non-relative.|
Potential energy is the energy that is held in an item that is not traveling but has the ability to move. The energy possessed by an item as a result of its location related to another body is known as potential energy or PE. PE might also refer to the energy stored in a body as a result of internal tension or electrical charges. Gravitational potential energy is one of the most prevalent types of PE. In this scenario, the quantity of PE is determined by the body's mass. This is the amount of energy necessary to move a body against the earth's gravitational pull. When spring is fully stretched, it has energy that is ready to be released as it returns to its original position.
Kinetic is a term that comes from the Greek language. The Greek term kinesis literally means to move. When an item is immobile, it possesses potential energy. Since the same item starts to move, though, Kinetic Energy is released. Whereas kinetic energy (KE) is the energy owned by an item due to its motion, kinetic energy (PE) is the energy held by a body due to its position. In other terms, the effort necessary to accelerate an object from rest to the desired velocity is referred to as the object's kinetic energy. This is valid even for moving particles. Objects having kinetic energy include a person throwing a ball, a moving train, and a falling droplet of water
Recall that Potential Energy is caused by virtue of an object’s position, while Kinetic Energy is caused by motion. Potential energy may also be transformed to Kinetic energy, and vice versa. However, energy is saved in any such conversion process. There is no fuel gain or loss. This is the principle of energy efficiency.