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Difference Between Cereals and Pulses

Cereals and pulses are two different types of grains. One of the major differences between cereals and pulses is their nutritional content. Cereals are rich in carbohydrates whereas pulses are an excellent source of proteins. Below are the various differences between cereals and pulses.

Cereals

Pulses

Cereals are grasses.

Pulses are leguminous crops. 

Cereals are rich in carbohydrate content. 

Pulses are rich in proteins and amino acids. 

Cereals are produced in large quantities because they are the staple food of many countries. 

Compared to cereals, pulses are produced in lesser quantities. 

Cereals can be cultivated in all types of soils, except for cold areas and desert regions. 

Pulses are grown in pods. Each pod yields 1 to 12 seeds. 

Cereals belong to the class Poales

Pulses belong to the order Fabales.

Cereals belong to the family Poaceae. 

Pulses belong to the family Leguminosae. 

Cereals are a good source of vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Dietary Fiber, and Calcium. 

Pulses are a good source of amino acids, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. 

Examples: Rice, barley, wheat, corn, and maize. 

Examples: Lentils, chickpeas, cow beans, and dry beans. 

 

Cereals

Cereals fall under the family 'Poaceae'. Cereals are grasses developed for the edible parts of their grain. These are cultivated in enormous amounts and give more food worldwide than some other crops. Hence, cereals are named a staple food in most countries. They are made out of germ, wheat, and endosperm. At the point when the wheat and microorganism are eliminated, the endosperm is known as the carb.

Cereals are plentiful in nutrients, proteins, carbs, minerals, fats, and oil. Because of such high dietary benefits, it is additionally the staple food of numerous nations. The most widely cultivated cereals are rice, sorghum, rye, wheat, corn, barley, and oats.

Importance of cereals

Fungi are achlorophyllous and non-mobile thallophytes. The cell wall of fungi is made up of chitin. Fungi are incapable of synthesizing their own food due to the absence of chlorophyll. Thus, fungi depend on other living entities to derive their food. Fungi are characterized by the presence of hyphae, thin and long threadlike structures. Let’s have a look at the key differences between algae and fungi.

  • Humans are the main consumers of cereals. They are accessible in the crude structure (grain) or utilized as ingredients in numerous food items like bread.
  • Cereals are also used to feed animals by poultry and domesticated animals, which are additionally utilized as dairy, poultry items, or meat by people.
  • Cereals are additionally utilized for the synthesis of oils, glucose, glues, alcohols, biofuels, and so forth.
  • The manufacturing cost of cereals is exceptionally less when contrasted with different food sources. Being rich in energy and nutritional content, cereals are considered an essential part of a regular diet. It very well may be put away dry for a long time.
  • The amount of cereals produced depends on various factors such as soil properties, climate, and level of economic advancement of a specific region or country.
  • The production of cereals additionally relies upon the sort of grain, the sort of environment appropriate for the cereal to grow. For instance, except for the desert regions, wheat can be grown over different soils. However, rye and grain can be cultivated over less fertile soil too.

Pulses

Pulses are the dry seeds called grain legumes. Unlike cereals, pulses are not cultivated in larger quantities. Hence, pulses are not considered a staple food. The family of pulses consists of 12 major crops among which the significant ones are lentils, chickpeas, dry peas, and dry beans.

Although pulses are rich in proteins and amino acids, they are not consumed as a primary source of proteins. Pulses are a good source of iron, fibres, vitamins, and amino acids. There are more than a hundred varieties of pulses cultivated across the globe.

Pulses are annual crops that are harvested in the form of dry grains. Not only are pulses easy to cook but also nutritious and healthy.

Importance of pulses

  • Pulses are rich in proteins, amino acids, dietary fibre, and other essential nutrients. Not only are they nutritious but they are healthy too.
  • Pulses are known to keep the blood sugar level and cholesterol level under control. Pulses, being low in fat, are considered the best food for people suffering from heart problems.
  • The consumption of pulses regularly helps fight obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other cardiovascular diseases.
  • Pulses have an additional feature of fixing nitrogen levels of the soil. Fixing the nitrogen levels of the soil enhances the fertility of the soil. Therefore, the cultivation of pulses makes the soil more fertile.
  • Fertile soil is known to support biodiversity. Apart from supporting biodiversity, the cultivation of pulses reduces the dependency on chemical fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers are of great threat to animals and the environment, growing pulses could help improve soil fertility for the next crop.
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