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Adiabatic Process: Examples, Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes Difference

What exactly is the Adiabatic Process?
An adiabatic process is described as a thermodynamic process in which there is no heat exchange from the system to its surroundings during expansion or compression.
It is possible for the adiabatic process to be reversible or irreversible. The following are the necessary conditions for the adiabatic process to occur:
The system must be completely isolated from its surroundings.
The procedure must be completed rapidly to provide enough time for heat transmission to occur.

What exactly is the Adiabatic Process Equation?
The adiabatic process equation is as follows:

PVy = constant
Where,

P denotes the system pressure.
V denotes the system's volume.
is the adiabatic index, which is defined as the ratio of heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp) to heat capacity at constant volume (Cv).

Adiabatic Reversible Process
An isentropic process is a reversible adiabatic process. It is an idealised thermodynamic process that is adiabatic and in which the system's work exchanges are frictionless; there is no heat or matter transfer, and the process is reversible. Such an idealised process can be used in engineering as a model for and comparison to real-world processes.

What exactly is Adiabatic Expansion?
Adiabatic expansion is characterised as an optimum behaviour for a closed system with constant pressure and decreasing temperature.

Example of an Adiabatic Process
There are numerous examples, some of which are listed below:

  • It is a technique in which gas is compressed and heat is produced. One of the most basic instances is the release of air from a pneumatic tyre.
  • Adiabatic Efficiency is used to describe the performance of equipment such as nozzles, compressors, and turbines. One of the best uses of the adiabatic process.
  • One example is a pendulum oscillating on a vertical plane.
  • An adiabatic system is also a quantum harmonic oscillator.
  • When we place the ice in the icebox, no heat is lost or gained.

What Is the Difference Between the Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes?

The following table explains the isothermal vs. adiabatic process:

Isothermal process Adiabatic process
An isothermal process is one of the thermodynamic processes that take place at a constant temperature. An adiabatic process is one of the thermodynamic processes that occurs when there is no heat transfer between the system and its surroundings.
Work done is due to a change in the system's net heat content. Work done is due to a change in its internal energy.
The temperature can't be changed. The temperature may be adjusted.
There is a heat transfer. There is no heat transmission.

Frequently Asked Questions

Define adiabatic process?

It is a thermodynamic process. In this process, no heat is transferred into or out of the system. The process is a reversible process with constant entropy for an ideal gas. Q=0 is the mathematical expression of the adiabatic process.

What exactly is Adiabatic Expansion?

Adiabatic expansion is characterised as an optimum behaviour for a closed system with constant pressure and decreasing temperature.

What exactly is adiabatic compression?

Adiabatic compression of air is described as compression in which no heat is supplied or removed from the air. The internal energy of the air is increases to match the external work done on the air. As the temperature elevates during compression, the pressure of the air exceeds the volume.

In an adiabatic process, which quantity remains constant?

The total heat produced by the system remains constant. When a high-pressure cylinder containing a gas explodes, the gas undergoes transformation.

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