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CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023

CBSE class 12 syllabus encompasses general objectives of learning, competencies to be attained, courses of study and content, and assessment guidelines. The curriculum offered by CBSE is completely based on the National Curriculum Framework-2005 and aims to encourage students to achieve excellence in learning. In order to foster competencies in a student, the syllabus consists of seven major learning areas: Mathematics, Sciences, Languages, Humanities, Skill Subjects, General Studies and Health, and Physical Education.  

To perform well in the upcoming CBSE 12 board exams it is important that the CBSE class 12 student is familiar with the syllabus. Understanding the exam syllabus will help them prepare well for the board exams well. A detailed exam syllabus is provided by the CBSE board for class 12.

Click the link below to download the PDF format of the syllabus:

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023 - Click Here

Subjects in Class 12

Class 11 and Class 12 is a composite course. Students need to take only those subjects in class 11 which he/she intends to continue in class 12.


Names of the subject

Subject 1 


Hindi Elective or Hindi Core or English Elective or English Core

Subject 2


Any one Language from Group – L not opted as Subject 1 OR Any one Elective from the Group – A

Subject 3, Subject 4 and Subject 5


Any three electives either from Group – A Or Group-S OR Any three from Combination of Group – A and Group – S

Subject 6

Additional Subject Optional

Any one elective or Language from any subject group not opted as subjects 1-5

Subject 7 to 9 (to be taken by all Regular Candidates)


Subjects of Internal Assessment

*Work Experience Health and Physical Education General Studies

CBSE Class 12 Important Concepts & Study Resources

Cover all the important concepts that fall under the main subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology and Computer Science to help you write the exams with confidence. Some of the important topics you can cover under each subject are as follows:


  • Relations and functions
  • Inverse trigonometric functions
  • Matrices
  • Determinants
  • Continuity and differentiability
  • Application of derivatives
  • Integrals
  • Application of integrals
  • Differential equations
  • Vector algebra 
  • Three-dimensional geometry
  • Linear programming
  • Probability


  • The solid-state 
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical kinetics
  • Surface chemistry
  • General principles and processes of isolation of elements
  • The p-block elements
  • The d- and f- block elements
  • Coordination compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids
  • Amines
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Chemistry in everyday life


  • Electric charges and fields
  • Electrostatic potential and capacitance
  • Current electricity
  • Moving charges and magnetism
  • Magnetism and matter
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Alternating current
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Ray optics and optical instruments
  • Wave optics
  • Dual nature of radiation and matter
  • Atoms
  • Nuclei
  • Semiconductor Electronic: Material, Devices and Simple Circuits
  • Communication systems


  • Reproduction in organisms
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants
  • Human reproduction
  • Reproductive health
  • Principles of inheritance and variation
  • Molecular basis of inheritance
  • Evolution
  • Human health and diseases
  • Strategies for enhancement in food production
  • Microbes in human welfare
  • Biotechnology - principles and processes
  • Biotechnology and its application
  • Organisms and populations
  • Ecosystem
  • Biodiversity and its conservation
  • Environmental issues

Study resources:

  • Maths NCERT solutions
  • Physics NCERT solutions
  • Chemistry NCERT solutions
  • Biology NCERT solutions
  • Computer Science NCERT solutions


Ques.1- When will class 12 CBSE boards start?
Ans.- Class 12 CBSE board dates have not been announced yet. Once out, the dates will be updated here on the page.  

Ques.2- Is the syllabus for the class 12 CBSE board available online?
Ans.- Yes, the syllabus for the class 12 CBSE board will be available online. You can refer to the class 12 CBSE board syllabus on the official website of CBSE: cbse.gov.in or from our website Aakash BYJU’s.

Ques.3- Will studying for the CBSE class 12 boards help me with the entrance exams?
Ans.- Yes, studying for the CBSE class 12 board will help you clear the entrance exams. If you are thorough with the CBSE class 12 board syllabus and prepare yourself well for the board examinations, you will also be able to write the entrance exams well.

Ques.4- Where can I download the admit card for class 12 CBSE boards?
Ans.- The admit card for class 12 CBSE boards will be released on the official website cbse.gov.in. Alternatively, you can collect a physical copy of your admit card from your respective schools. Without your admit card you will not be able to write your exams.

Ques.5- Will the class 12 CBSE board exams be held online?
Ans.- No, the class 12 CBSE board exams will be held offline in your respective schools. It is mandatory for you to carry your admit card to the exam hall to be allowed to write the exam.


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