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Animal Kingdom Types and Chart

Introduction:

  • Animal kingdom comprises of millions of animal species with different structures and forms.
  • This kingdom involves heterotrophic and eukaryotic organisms.
  • The organisms belonging to this kingdom are multicellular.
  • They lack cell walls.
  • They digest their food in an internal cavity and store their food in the form of glycogen or fat.
  • Definite growth pattern is found in them through which they grow into adults
  • They have definite shape and size.
  • Most of the organisms belonging to this kingdom are capable of locomotion.

Table of contents

  • Basis of classification
  • Protozoa
  • Non-chordata
  • Chordata

Quiz :

Q1. Which one of the following is a matching set of a phylum and its three examples ?
(1) Porifera : Spongilla, Euplectella, Pennatula
(2) Cnidaria : Bonellia, Physalia, Aurelia
(3) Platyhelminthes : Planaria, Schistosoma, Enterobius
(4) Mollusca : Loligo, Teredo, Octopus

Q2. Which one of the following phyla is correctly matched with its two general characteristics ?
(1) Arthropoda : Body divided into head, thorax and abdomen and respiration by tracheae
(2) Chordata : Notochord at some stage and separate anal and urinary openings to the outside
(3) Echinodermata : Pentamerous radial symmetry and mostly internal fertilization
(4) Mollusca : Normally oviparous and development through a trochophore or veliger larva

Q3. Which one of the following statements about all the four of Spongilla, Leech, Dolphin and Penguin is correct ?
(1) All are bilaterally symmetrical
(2) Penguin is homeothermic while the remaining three are poikilothermic
(3) Leech is a fresh water form while all others are marine
(4) Spongilla has special collared cells called choanocytes, not found in the remaining three.

Q4. Which one of the following groups of animals is correctly matched with its one characteristic feature without even a single exception ?
(1) Reptilia : possess 3-chambered heart with one incompletely divided ventricle
(2) Chordata : possess a mouth provided with an upper and a lower jaw
(3) Chondrichthyes : possess cartilaginous endoskeleton
(4) Mammalia : give birth to young ones

Q5. Which one of the following categories of animals, is correctly described with no single exception in it?
(1) All sponges are marine and have collared cells
(2) All mammals are viviparous and possess diaphragm for breathing
(3) All reptiles possess scales, have a three chambered heart and are cold blooded (poikilothermic)
(4) All bony fishes have four pairs of gills and an operculum on each side

Q6. Choose the correct statement.
(1) All reptiles have a three–chambered heart.
(2) All pisces have gills covered by an operculum.
(3) All mammals are viviparous.
(4) All cyclostomes do not possess jaws and paired fins.

Q7. Match the following genera with their respective phylum:

(a) Ophura (i)Mollusca
(b) Physalia (ii) Platyhelminthes
(c) Pinctada (iii) Echinodermata
(d) Planaria (iv) Coelenterata

Select the correct option:

(1) (a)-(iv), (b)-(i), (c)-(iii), d-(ii)
(2) (a)-(iii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(i), d-(ii)
(3) (a)-(i), (b)-(iii), (c)-(iv), d-(ii)
(4) (a)-(iii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(ii), d-(i)

Q8. Which one of the following organisms is scientifically correctly named, correctly printed according to the International Rules of Nomenclature and correctly described?
(1) Felis tigris - The Indian tiger, well protected in Gir forests.
(2) E.coli - Full name Entamoeba coli, a commonly occurring bacterium in the human intestine.
(3) Musca domestica - The common house lizard, a reptile.
(4) Plasmodium falciparum - A protozoan pathogen causing the most serious type of malaria.

Q9. Identify the vertebrate group of animals characterized by crop and gizzard in its digestive system.
(1) Amphibia
(2) Reptilia
(3) Aves
(4) Osteichthyes

Q10. Which among these is the correct combination of aquatic mammals ?
(1) Dolphins, Seals, Trygon
(2) Whales, Dolphins, Seals
(3) Trygon, Whales, Seals
(4) Seals, Dolphins, Sharks

Answer key

1. (4)
2. (4)
3. (4)
4. (3)
5. (4)
6. (4)
7. (2)
8. (4)
9. (3)
10. (2)

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