Food production refers to the process of conversion of raw materials into finished food products. All these finished food or converted food items can be either used in homes or food processing industries. Food is required by the human body to continue its basic life processes, provide nutrition and energy.
Most of the raw materials and food are obtained from plants and animals. These plants and animals are responsible for supplying almost 90% of the food for the world. Different food and raw materials extracted include grains, honey, meat, dairy products, vegetables and fruits.
The process of food production involves three major steps, namely-
Input refers to the different raw materials required for the process of food production. Processing is the process of converting raw ingredients into edible form. And the output is the final product produced.
Food production is classified into different categories: cultivation, harvesting, crop management, preservation, fermentation, crop production, cooking at restaurants, broiling, grilling, and baking.
There are various methods of food production, and those include
The food system refers to the food chain that begins with raw materials and ends with the consumption of final food products. This food system comprises seven stages that are given below.
It is important to ensure that the output is maximum with minimum input and wastage. It can be done by food production management. It is the process of managing and optimizing food production. The tasks of food production managers include the following:
In a nutshell, food production management is the development and implementation of different plans and systems that can control and manage different parts of the food system. It ensures that all the pieces are in place and perfect order is being followed. The different institutes that form the food management system are restaurants, cafes, hotels, and other food production and management institutions.
In the Indian context, food production and industry plays an important role in the economy. Food production is responsible for earning bread and butter for various people and industries like restaurants, online food delivery apps, grocery stores, agriculture, chefs, waiters, local vendors and local food markets etc., contribute to the same. A huge portion of India's economy comes only from agriculture, and some of the reasons are given below:
So far, it may seem like food production is beneficial. But like every coin has two sides, even food production has its effects on the environment. Some of them are given below:
Although food production affects the environment, it is still very important as it helps develop many countries. And also, without this, access to food will be difficult. Therefore, a plausible solution can be practising sustainable food production, as it will contribute less to damaging the environment.