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Silver carbonate

 

The silver carbonate formula, Ag₂CO₃, can be used to identify this unstable and highly reactive chemical compound in chemical equations. Because Fetizon's reagent is silver carbonate combined with celite, it is frequently mentioned when it comes to silver carbonate. When an alkaline carbonate is used to precipitate a silver nitrate solution, a white substance develops, which when washed, it turns yellow as the soluble salts separate. Silver carbonate is the product you will receive. Another distinguishing feature of Ag₂CO₃ is its sensitivity to light. It changes colour when exposed to photochromic light.

What Is The Chemical Geometry Of Ag₂CO₃? Silver Carbonate Structure:

The bonds that form in this molecule are caused by a number of factors, the most important of which is the molecular mass of silver carbonate. Silver carbonate, on the contrary, is a highly unstable substance. We'll also learn more about silver carbonate's features, such as its reactivity and molecular weight.

Silver Carbonate's Characteristics

  • Ag₂CO₃ is the formula for silver carbonate.
  • Disilver Carbonate is the IUPAC name for Ag₂CO₃.
  • The substance has a density of 6.08 g/cm3.
  • Silver carbonate has a molecular mass of 275.7453 g/mol
  • Molecular weight of silver carbonate is 275.7453 g/mol.
  • The compound's boiling point is 553.2 degrees Celsius.
  • The melting point is 218-degree centigrade.

What Are Silver Carbonate's Physical Properties?

  • Silver carbonate has no smell.
  • It takes the form of pale golden crystals.
  • The chemical has a hydrogen bond acceptor value of 3.
  • It is very slightly soluble in water when it comes to solubility.

What Are Silver Carbonate's Chemical Properties?

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  • The molecules, like most other carbonates, decomposes, meaning it breaks down into simpler constituent reagents from the silver carbonate formula. Silver, oxygen, and carbon dioxide are obtained in the case of silver carbonate. Because silver has the largest molecular weight of the three, it forms the most.
  • In nitric acid, silver carbonate dissolves to generate silver nitrate, carbon dioxide, and water.
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Uses of silver carbonate

  • Fetizon's reagent is made by putting silver carbonate on celite and supporting it. After that, this reagent is used to oxidise primary and secondary alcohols, yielding ketones and aldehydes, respectively.
  • It works as a reagent in the Koenig-Knorr reaction. It is a vital step in organic synthesis.
  • It is a base in the Wittig reaction.
  • It is required in numerous organic transformations, such as the conversion of alkyl bromides to alcohol, because of its strong basicity and alkynophilicity.
  • The chemical is significant in the electronics sector because it produces silver, which is used in chips and microprocessors.

Fun details

  • When silver carbonate combines with ammonia, it forms fulminating silver, a highly reactive substance.
  • Despite the fact that silver carbonate is meant to be yellow in hue, lab samples usually seem grey. Silver is abundant in these samples.
  • In microelectronics, silver carbonate is essential. It aids in the production of silver powder, which is widely utilised in the semiconductor sector.
  • Because of its superior alkynophilicity and basicity, silver carbonate is an excellent catalyst for a variety of organic processes.
  • Although silver carbonate on celite is neutral, it forms an extremely active reagent in reactions.

Frequently asked questions

Q1. What happens when we heat silver carbonate?
A: In contrast to other metal carbonates, which disintegrate into metal oxides and release carbon dioxide, silver carbonate decomposes into elemental silver and releases a mixture of carbon dioxide and oxygen gas when heated.

Q2. Is Ag2CO3 a basic or an acid?
A: As an oxidant in the redox cycle, silver carbonate (Ag2CO3), a common transition metal-based inorganic carbonate, is frequently used in palladium-catalyzed C–H activations. In organic solvents with acidic protons, silver carbonate can also operate as an external base in the reaction medium.

Q3. What happens when we heat silver carbonate?
A: In contrast to other metal carbonates, which disintegrate into metal oxides and release carbon dioxide, silver carbonate decomposes into elemental silver and releases a mixture of carbon dioxide and oxygen gas when heated.

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