CBSE Class 10 Percentage Calculation
Students can visit the official website of the Board – cbseresults.nic.in to check the complete exam syllabus & pattern. From the academic year 2009-10, the Central Board Of Secondary Education (CBSE) started a grading system for the students of Class-10 and Class-12. Since then, this method has been in practice and continues till today. Based on the 5-point grading system, the students are awarded from ‘A’ to ‘E.’
Getting an ‘A’ grade means the student has achieved the highest marks, while an ‘E’ grade symbolised the worst scores. CBSE has also set some point ranges as per the grades. This way, students will also receive grade points along with grades. Students can also convert these grade points into percentages by using a formula.
This article aims to help you learn how to convert grade points into percentages and vice-versa.
Grading System of CBSE Class 10
The Cumulative Grade Point Average, or CGPA, is a method to determine the student’s overall academic performance in a year. It is the average of all the grade points a student has gained in all his classes. It excludes extracurricular activities.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has carried out a current grading system in 2021. They made such changes because the board examinations for CBSE Class 10 did not take place in 2021.
To get advanced to the next class, this is required for the students obtain some qualifying grades, using the new nine-point scale grading system, in four out of five topics. CBSE has determined that students’ report cards would not carry a pass or fail grade. Therefore, the board exam committee has set aside 20 points out of 100 for internal evaluation. At the same time, the remaining 80 points are set for the use of objective criteria.
Class 10 Grading System Chart
CBSE Class 10 exams analyze students on a 9-point grading system. The grades are given based on their summative and formative assessments, corresponding to a range of marks.
Each student will be allotted their grade and grade point separately. But, many candidates are unable to understand it.
As per CBSE, the students of Class-9 and Class-10 will be evaluated using a 9-point grading system. Here a nine-point grading table is provided for such candidates to know more:
|Marks Range||Grades Allotted||Points for Grades (GP)|
The minimum qualified grade is D. If any candidate receives E1 or E2 grades, they have to re-appear for Class 10.
Also See: CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023
How to Calculate the CBSE Class 10 Results in Percentage?
It is a very simple method. To calculate the percentage of your CBSE Class 10 board marks, you need to follow the given below steps:
Step 1: Add the grade points of all main subjects.
Step 2: Divide this sum by five.
Step 3: Now, multiply the results of step 2 by 9.5. You will get the percentage.
Suppose, the marks obtained in five main subjects are as follows:
- Subject 1 = 9.2
- Subject 2 = 8.9
- Subject 3 = 9.5
- Subject 4 = 8.0
- Subject 5 =8.7
Now, the sum of all GPs = 44.3
Therefore, its CGPA will be (44.3)/5 = 8.86
Hence, CGPA to percentage = 8.86 * 9.5 = 84.17%
CGPA to Percentage Chart
For your reference, a CGPA to Percentage chart is given below. It will help you easily know your percentage from the obtained CGPA, without calculating it, for your CBSE Class 10 results.
Advantages and Disadvantages of the CGPA System
For estimating a student’s performance in an educational year, CGPA is used as an assured tool. After debating, in detail, how to calculate CGPA and Percentage for Class 10th, here mentioned some merits (advantages) and demerits (disadvantages) of CGPA in the education system:
Advantages of CGPA:
- Students can evaluate their results and analyse themselves.
- They can calculate and work on their weak points and strong points.
- It lowers the high scoring pressure as actual marks will not be given in the results.
- It makes the study easier for all those students who only intend to get passing marks.
- Other than academic performance, the grading system also relies upon assessments, class attendance, achievements, etc. This way, students need to perform well in all modules to get good grades.
Disadvantages of CGPA:
- It does not let students know about their performance in the exam, as it does not show actual marks.
- It makes students less dedicated or serious about their studies. They are completely aware that CGPA lets them achieve the targeted grades even though they made a few mistakes on the board exam paper.
- It reduces the competitive spirit and intellectual skills of the students.
- It demotivates the bright students, as grading lies within a range. For instance, if a student P gets 95% marks while student B gets 92% marks. In the grading system, both get A1 grades as a result.
Important Indicators of the CBSE Grading System
According to the grading method of CBSE, the grades are provided based on two parameters: absolute scores and percentile scores. When it comes to estimating all subjects, there is a worthy approach to follow. But, depending on the difficulty level of the different subjects, these criteria vary.
Some grading system points to be remembered as follows:
- The board will provide numerical scores in theory and practical papers in external subjects.
- In internal assessment, subjects will be followed by a grading system.
- The board will mention grades in the mark sheets with the numerical scores in the external subjects.
- A, B, C, D, and E, are the five types of grades allotted to students according to their performance.
- To qualify for an exam, it is mandatory to score at least 33% marks.
CGPA is a standard grade point for a student. All the students having the same score will receive the same grades in case of a tie.
From this above discussion, you are provided with all the necessary information regarding the CGPA system and the process of converting grades into percentages. Hopefully, this detailed article will be helpful for you.
FAQs on CBSE Class 10 Result
1. Why do we use 9.5 in calculating percentages from CGPA?
This is because 9.5 is an average score attained by CBSE toppers in previous years. The CBSE exam committee analysed the last five years’ results. They calculated the average marks of all those applicants who secured 91 to 100 scores. The calculated average came out to be approximately 95 points. Now, because the corresponding Grade Point for the marks range 91-100 (A1 grade) is 10, they divide 95 by 10. Then finally, the average score obtained was 9.5.
2. How can I calculate the CGPA of my Class 10 board subject scores from grade points?
It is easy to calculate the CGPA from the grade points of your Class 10 results. You need to follow the below steps:
Step 1: Add Grade Points of all five core subjects (exclude additional subjects).
Step 2: Divide the total points by five. The result obtained is your CGPA.
Let the Grade Points of five core subjects be
Maths – 9, Hindi – 8, English – 8, Science – 9, Social Science – 8
Then, their sum GPs = 9 + 8 + 8 + 9 + 8 = 42
Therefore, CGPA = 42/5 = 8.4
3. What is formative assessment?
Formative assessment is the method used by teachers to evaluate students in their academic progress during a lesson, unit, or course. CBSE has introduced this method to detect students’ progress at a regular time interval. The officials will conduct it every six months. They will evaluate and grade homework, classwork, assignments, and project work. There will be two appraisals, each in the first and second terms. Each appraisal will carry ten marks.
Some critical points related to formative assessment are as follows:
1. There will be one term-end exam for each term.
2. A maximum of 20 marks will be rewarded at the first term-end exam.
3. A maximum of 40 marks will be rewarded at the second term-end exam.
4. Teachers may pose questions to an individual student or a group of students.
4. What are the passing criteria in CBSE Class 10 board exams?
CBSE has issued the following criteria for Class 10 appearing students:
1. Students must obtain a grade of more than an E in all five important subjects.
2. Getting a grade of E in any subject indicates that you need to appear in either revaluation or attend the compartment exam.
3. Getting a grade higher than E in each subject means scoring more than 33% in the exams.
4. If you lack 7 or 8 marks in any subject to reach the passing score, in such a case, CBSE provides you a grace mark with a Class 10 passing certificate.
5. How CBSE 10th percentage is calculated?
The first thing you need to do is to add the grade points for all main subjects. Then divide this sum by five. Now, multiply the results of step 2 by 9.5. You will get the actual percentage.