As per the latest NEET exam dates, the exam will be held on July 17. Those medical aspirants planning to take the NEET 2022 exam should prepare well because it is one of the toughest tests in this nation and the only way to get into Indian MBBS or BDS colleges. Class 12 is considered the base of the NEET exam. Therefore, this article discusses the most critical chapters of class 12 based on the NEET Biology syllabus. So that students can plan a more effective preparation strategy and ace the exam.
The NTA has specified the NEET 2022 test pattern for all qualified applicants. As per the most recent NEET exam pattern changes, the exam will last 200 minutes (03:20 hours) and be conducted from 2:00 p.m. to 05:20 p.m. (IST). There will be 200 questions, and exam participants have to answer 180. The NEET-UG 2022 is primarily based on what students learned in grades 11 and 1,2, and the Biology syllabus is so vast to cover. NEET 2022 contains 90 questions (based on biology, with 40-50 questions from Botany and the rest from Zoology). The following table represents NEET biology (class 12) unit-wise weightage.
|Genetics and Evolution||18%|
|Diversity in Living World||14%|
|Cell Structure and Function||5%|
|Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants||9%|
|Biotechnology and Its Applications||3%|
|Biology and Human Welfare||4%|
|Ecology and environment||12%|
The following table represents NEET Class 11& 12 detailed chapter-wise weightage for Zoology and Botany.
|NEET 2022 Class XI Botany|
|NEET Botany Chapters + Topics||No. of Questions||Marks Distribution||Weightage|
|Transport in Plants||3||12|
|Respiration in Plants||2||8|
|Plant Growth and Development||2||8|
|Cell Structure & Function||7||28||14.89%|
|Cell: The unit of life||5||20|
|Cell Cycle and Division||2||8|
|Structural Organisation in Animals & Plants||4||16||8.51%|
|Morphology in Flowering Plants||1||4|
|Anatomy of Flowering Plants||3||12|
|Diversity in Living World||4||16||8.51%|
|NEET 2022 Class XI Zoology|
|NEET Zoology Chapters + Topics||No. of Questions||Marks Distribution||Weightage|
|Digestion and Absorption||2||8|
|Excretory Products and Their Elimination||2||8|
|Locomotion and Movement||2||8|
|Body Fluids and Circulation||2||8|
|Structural Organisation in Animal||2||8||4.65%|
|NEET 2022 Class XII Botany|
|NEET Botany Chapters + Topics||No. of Questions||Marks Distribution||The weightage (%age)|
|Genetics & Evolution||10||40||21.28%|
|Molecular Basis of Inheritance||3||12|
|Principles of Inheritance and Variation||7||28|
|Ecology & Environment||9||36||19.15%|
|Biodiversity and Conservation||3||12|
|Organisms and Population||1||4|
|Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants||4||16||8.51%|
|Microbes in Human Welfare||1||4||2.13%|
|Total Botany weightage Class 11 + 12||23 + 24 = 47||92 + 96 = 188||100.00%|
|NEET 2022 Class XII Zoology|
|NEET Zoology Chapters & Topics||No. of Questions||Marks Distribution||The weightage (%age)|
|Biology & Human Welfare||8||32||18.60%|
|Human Health and Disease||4||16|
|Microbes in Human Welfare||3||12|
|Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production 1||1||4|
|Biotechnology and Its Application||2||8|
|Biotechnology and Its Processes and Principles||3||12|
|NEET Zoology Questions & Weightage from Class 12||22||88||51.16%|
|Total Zoology weightage Class 11 + 12||21 + 22 = 43||84 + 88 = 172||100.00%|
Biology Class 12 Most Important Chapters for NEET 2022
Reproduction: This is one of the simplest topics, and the flow of concepts is so engaging. NEET’s chapter reproduction has an 11 percent weight in the exam, which is a reason to rejoice. This chapter contains an in-depth discussion of how organisms reproduce. It describes how living organisms reproduce, both sexually and asexually. This unit comprises five critical chapters for NEET Biology Syllabus:
- Reproduction in Organisms
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
- Human Reproduction
- Reproductive Health
Genetics & evolution: This unit receives a hefty 12 per cent weightage on the NEET exam. Genetics and evolution cannot be studied unless you understand cell division, mitosis and meiosis, and biomolecules. As a result, reviewing these concepts is a good idea to avoid complications later on. Genetics & evolution consists of the following essential chapters.
- Principles of Inheritance and Variation
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance
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Biotechnology: Biotechnology and its applications account for 7% of the total NEET Biology exam syllabus. Beginning with the Class 12 NCERT textbook will help students understand principles of Biotechnology, Genetic and Bioprocess engineering and other relevant concepts. The following chapters of Biotechnology are essential for NEET Biology preparation.
- Biotechnology – Principles and Processes
- Biotechnology and its Application
Biology in human welfare: The chapter on biology in human welfare, which includes many topics from the NEET biology syllabus, receives about 5% of the NEET exam’s weight. This is the point at which the vast majority of candidates fail! Because the weightage does not appear to be very high, biological and human welfare concepts are left until the last minute. However, this unit is simple and exciting to understand and increases your chances of scoring optimum. It includes the following chapters:
- Human Health and Diseases
- Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
- Microbes in Human Welfare
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Ecology and environment: This unit is also included in the NEET biology syllabus and is part of Class 12 NCERT textbook unit 10, which will be your primary source of information. This unit constitutes 13% of the Biology question paper for NEET 2022. Therefore, NEET aspirants need to pay attention to some of the most important chapters of this unit, which are:
- Organisms and Population
- Biodiversity and its Conservation
- Environmental Issues
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Most Important Topics for NEET 2022 from CBSE Class 12 Biology
Although you are aware of the crucial chapters of the CBSE class 12 Biology chapters, based on the NEET syllabus, it’s essential to know about the particular topics that you need to focus on. Knowing the topic will save you time as the chapters are lengthy and time-consuming.
- Reproductive structures in plants and animals
- Polyembryony, Parthenocarpy, apomixis
- Gametogenesis in humans
- Menstrual cycle
- Gametogenesis in plants
- BT cotton, RNAi, Human insulin, Gene therapy, molecular diagnostics
- Process and applications
Genetics & evolution
- Pedigree analysis
- Genetic disorders
- Darwinism and natural selection
- Dihybrid cross, linkage
Ecology and environment
- Environmental issues
- Population interactions
- Biogeochemical cycles
Biology in human welfare
- AIDS, Cancer
- Human immunity
Tips to Prepare Biology for NEET 2022
A well-planned study strategy is required to complete the NEET Biology syllabus in a reasonable amount of time. NTA NEET 2022 candidates can benefit from the following biology preparation tips.
- Students should use the NCERT biology textbook as a primary source of study material over other sources of information during NEET 2022 preparation.
- All of the NEET biology topics listed above should be thoroughly covered.
- Solve previous year’s NEET Biology question papers as much as you can.
- Give more time and attention to high weightage topics such as Ecology & Environment, Reproduction and Biotechnology, leaving less important ones for last.
- Attempting more NEET 2022 mock exams can help you improve your speed in answering questions.
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NEET Preparation Tips & Tricks: How to prepare for the exam
NEET 2022: Study Plan and Preparation Strategy
1. What strategies and study materials should I consider for my NEET preparation?
The majority of questions on the NEET exam, which includes topics from both classes (11 and 12), are from botany and zoology that are vast to cover. As a result, if you want to get a good rank, you’ll need to develop specialised strategies. After finishing your NCERT Biology book, you can utilise some reference books and sample papers. Regular NEET mock tests can also help you tackle fear and speed up response time.
2. Can I use mobile apps during my NEET Biology preparations?
Yes, students may find NEET Biology more exciting and engaging if they conduct their searches online using mobile apps. Although few experts believe that using mobile apps to study for a test is better than traditional learning methods, it saves time. In addition, it enables you to better understand by illustrating diagrams and concepts more precisely. Thus, you can answer questions more accurately.
3. Is it possible for me to prepare for the NEET exam at home?
Only those who are familiar with the NEET 2022 syllabus will be able to study for the exam at home. The NCERT textbooks would be beneficial as a primary source of study material, as these books withhold all the important Biology Concepts in a precise way. Also, you need to plan a solid strategy to keep your preparation on track. Remember to identify your strengths and weaknesses and work on the same when preparing for the NEET exam.
4. What is the NEET exam structure for the Biology section?
The NEET 2022 Biology section will be divided into Botany and Zoology. Sections A and B of both the subjects contain 35 and 15 questions, respectively. In other words, Zoology and Botany both include 50 questions. Students have to attempt all 35 questions from section A, but in B, they can only attempt 10 out of 15. As a result, the total number of questions in the Biology section is 90. Unlike the previous year, students will be allotted 200 minutes instead of 180.
5. How many questions are expected to be there in NEET-UG 2022, and what is the marking scheme?
The NEET 2022 exam paper will contain 200 multiple-choice questions, 100 from the Biology syllabus and the rest from Physics and Chemistry. However, only 180 of these questions are required to be answered. Students will get four marks for each correct answer, whereas one mark will be deducted for incorrect ones. NEET exam papers include questions from the 11th and 12th-grade curricula; therefore, it’s best to focus on NCERT primarily.
6. CBSE Class 11 or 12, which one has more questions in the NEET exam and requires more time for preparation?
In the NEET exam, the distribution of questions from the CBSE Class 11 curriculum differs from that of the Class 12 curriculum. For example, approximately 45 percent of the NEET Biology section questions will be based on the Class 11 syllabus. At the same time, 55 percent of questions are from the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. However, you should focus on both the classes’ syllabus, but since Class 12 has a more significant portion in the NEET exam, you need to give it a bit more time and attention.
The NEET biology syllabus is crucial to success because it constitutes the most significant portion of the entire exam. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the NEET 2022 Biology syllabus is required for medical aspirants to score optimum on the entrance exam. They should know the class-wise syllabus and cover all the essential topics to prepare for the NEET Biology exam. Students must follow a well-structured daily routine and stick to it. Also, utilise the tips mentioned in this article for efficient preparation.
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