The majority of the NEET 2022 applicants describe the NEET 2022 Physics section as the most nerve-wracking section. NEET 2022 Physics requires a complete conceptual and theoretical clarity and a thorough understanding of principles to easily apply the gained skills and knowledge on numerical and theory-based questions. The NEET 2022 Physics section is frequently described as challenging and lengthy because it requires a good grasp of calculations and reasoning.
However, when students prioritise topics based on the syllabus and chapter-wise weightage (as determined by previous trends), Physics becomes a piece of cake on exam day. The article provides the complete NEET 2022 Physics syllabus and chapter-wise weightage to assist NEET 2022 applicants in this endeavour. Students can check the NEET 2022 Syllabus – Check Biology, Physics, and Chemistry Syllabus | AESL.
NEET 2022 Physics: Syllabus
The National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET) will be administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA). NEET 2022 is one of the most prestigious medical competitive entrance exams. The NEET 2022 applicants will benefit greatly from knowing the NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus as they prepare for the entrance exams. According to the MCI, the syllabus for NEET 2022 Physics is arranged after an in-depth evaluation of the NCERT and COBSE (Council of Boards of School Education in India) curricula by various state councils. These measures are intended to maintain consistency in medical training across India. The NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus includes coursework from both Classes 11 and 12.
The following is a list of Class 11 units covered in the NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus.
|NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus Class 11|
|Unit 1: Physical world and measurement||Nature of physical laws, physics scope and excitement, Physics, technology and society
Need for measurement – measurement units, systems of units
S.I. units, length, fundamental and derived units, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, mass and time measurements, significant figures, measurement errors
Dimensional analysis and its applications and dimensions of physical quantities.
|Unit 2: Kinematics||Motion in a straight line, speed and velocity, position-time graph, elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, and velocity-time graphs for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, equality of vectors, general vectors and notation, addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, multiplication of vectors by a real number
Unit vectors, resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components
Vector and scalar products of vectors, uniform circular motion, motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion
|Unit 3: Work, Energy and Power||Work done by a constant force and variable force, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power
The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces, non-conservative forces, conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), motion in a vertical circle, and elastic and inelastic collisions in one-two dimensions.
|Unit 4: Laws of Motion||Inertia, intuitive concept of force, Newton’s first law of motion, momentum and Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, the law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
Static and kinetic friction, equilibrium of concurrent forces, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication
Dynamics of uniform circular motion, centripetal force, examples of circular motion ( vehicle on banked road, vehicle on level circular road)
|Unit 5: Motion of systems of particles and rigid body||Momentum conservation and centre of mass motion, the centre of mass of a two-particle system, the centre of mass of a rigid, centre of mass of the uniform rod
The momentum of a force – angular momentum, torque, conservation of angular momentum with examples
Rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies, comparison of linear and rotational motions, a moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation), statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and its applications
|Unit 6: Properties of bulk Matter||Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship, elastic energy, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio
Viscosity, Stoke’s law, Reynold’s number, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications critical velocity
Application of surface tension ideas to drops, surface energy and surface tension, excess of pressure, angle of contact, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion, anomalous expansion, thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, the specific heat of capacity, change of state-latent heat
Heat transfer – convection and radiation, conduction and thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Black body radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and the greenhouse effect.
Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law
|Unit 7: Gravitation||The universal law of gravitation, Kepler’s law of planetary motion, acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
Gravitational potential, gravitational potential energy, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, geostationary satellite.
|Unit 8: Thermodynamics||Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), the first law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy, isothermal and adiabatic processes
The second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes, heat engines and refrigerators
|Unit 9: Oscillations and Waves||Periodic motion-period, frequency, periodic functions, displacement as a function of time, simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, energy in SHM – kinetic and potential energies, phase, oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant, simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its period, free and forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance
Wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion, reflection of waves, the principle of superposition of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect
|Unit 10: Behaviour of Perfect gas and Kinetic Theory||Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas
Kinetic theory of gases: the concept of pressure, assumptions
Kinetic energy and temperature, the concept of a mean free path, degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases
The following is a list of Class 12 units covered in the NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus.
|NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus Class 12|
|Unit 1: Electro Statistics||Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, electric charges and their conservation, electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric flux, electric potential, potential difference, statement of Gauss’s theorem, conductors and insulators, capacitors and capacitance, dielectrics and electric polarisation, Van de Graff generator|
|Unit 2: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism||Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law, cyclotron, force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors, torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer current loop, magnetic field intensity, torque on a magnetic dipole, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field.
Factors affecting Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances electromagnetic strengths, permanent magnets
|Unit 3:Current Electricity||Electric current, Ohm’s law, V-I characteristics, electrical resistance, carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors, Kirchhoff’s laws, the internal resistance of a cell, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge, potentiometer|
|Unit 4: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents||Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents, self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, L.C. oscillations (only qualitative treatment), peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage, reactance and impedance, LCR series circuit, resonance, wattles current, power in A.C. circuits
A.C. transformer and generator
|Unit 5: Optics||Reflection of light, total internal reflection, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, magnification, power of a lens, refraction and dispersion of light through a prism, scattering of light, optical instruments, microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers, wave optics, proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle, interference, diffraction due to a single slit, resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarised light, Brewster’s law.|
|Unit 6: Electromagnetic waves||Need for displacement current
Electromagnetic waves and their features/characteristics (qualitative only), transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic spectrum (microwaves, radio waves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) with elementary key facts about their applications/uses.
|Unit 7: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation||Hertz and Lenard’s observations, photoelectric effect, Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle nature of light
Matter waves, wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment (explain conclusion only)
|Unit 8: Electronic devices||Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), insulators and semiconductors, semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, I-V characteristics of LED, diode as a rectifier, conductors, photodiode, solar cell, Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, junction transistor, transistor action, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator, characteristics of a transistor
Logic gates (OR, NAND, NOT, AND and NOR)
|Unit 9: Atoms and Nuclei||Alpha–particle scattering experiments, Bohr model, Rutherford’s model for the atom, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum, composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isotones, isobars
Mass-energy relation, radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law, mass defect, the binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion
NEET 2022 Physics: Chapter-Wise Weightage
|Physics Chapters and Topic||Chapter-Wise Weightage||Average No. of Questions|
|Centre of Mass (Chapter – System of Particles and Rotational Motion)||1%||1|
|Rotational Motion (Chapter – System of Particles and Rotational Motion)||1%||1|
|Kinematics (Chapters – Motion in a straight line, Motion in a Plane)||2%||1|
|Electric Charges & Fields||2%||1|
|Electrostatic Potential & Capacitance||2%||1|
|Thermal Properties of Matter||2%||1|
|Units and Measurement||2%||1|
|Properties of Bulk Matter||3%||1|
|Mechanical Properties of Solids & Fluids||3%||2|
|Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter||4%||2|
|Work, Energy and Power||4%||2|
|Atoms & Nuclei||5%||2|
|Ray Optics & Optical Instrument||5%||3|
|Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism||6%||3|
|Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits||6%||3|
|Laws of Motion||7%||3|
|Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body||7%||3|
The National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET) is India’s sole entrance exam for undergraduate medical courses. As a result, the NEET 2022 examination’s complexity level is very high, and only those applicants who have sincerely prepared for it can pass it. Applicants need to review the syllabus and chapter-wise weightage of important topics regularly. Students must develop an effective strategy to ace the NEET 2022 Physics exam in one go. Doing all this will help students clear the NEET 2022 examination and easily achieve their desired goals.
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