NEET is the National Eligibility cum Entrance examination. It is the single entrance examination that grants students admission to different undergraduate medical courses across the government and private medical colleges of India. It is the most coveted exam for students who want to pursue their career in the medical profession. They keep studying day and night to compete in the exam and secure an MBBS seat in their dream medical college.
The syllabus for the NEET UG 2022 exam is vast. It consists of three subjects— Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. NEET Chemistry syllabus constitutes 25% of the total NEET syllabus. The Chemistry syllabus for the NEET 2022 exam is further divided into three categories— Physical, Organic, and Inorganic Chemistry. Additionally, the NEET Chemistry syllabus comprises NCERT Chemistry Syllabi for Class 11 and Class 12. This discussion focuses on the Class 12 part of the NEET 2022 Chemistry syllabus.
CBSE Class 12 Chapters of the NEET 2022 Syllabus
As discussed earlier, NEET Syllabus consists of parts of CBSE Class 11 and Class 12 Syllabi. Let us look at the Class 12 part of the Chemistry syllabus in detail. There are 16 chapters in total, including Solid State and Solutions, Electrochemistry and Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, Principles and Processes of Elements Isolation, p-block Elements, Group 16, 17, and 18 Elements, d-and f-block elements, Coordination Compounds, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids, Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen, Biomolecules, Polymers, and Chemistry in Everyday Life. Below is each topic in detail with its subtopics.
Unit 1, Solid State, has the subtopics classification of solids based on binding forces; covalent and metallic solids; amorphous and crystalline solids; unit cell in three-dimensional lattices; calculation of unit cell density; packing in solids and its efficiency; voids; the number of atoms in a cubic unit cell per unit cell; point defects; electrical and magnetic properties; Band theory of metals, conductors, insulators, and semiconductors
Unit 2, Solutions is divided into the expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties contains relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, the elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van’t Hoff factor
Unit 3, Electrochemistry contains Redox Reactions: conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis, Laws of electrolysis, dry cell-electrolytic cells, Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change, EMF of a cell, fuel cells, and corrosion
Unit 4, Chemical Kinetics, contains the rate of a reaction and the factors affecting it, concentration, temperature, catalyst, order, molecularity of a reaction, rate law and Arrhenius equation, specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life, the concept of collision theory, and Activation energy
Unit 5, Surface Chemistry includes adsorption and factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, homogeneous and heterogeneous enzyme catalysis, colloidal state, the distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions, lyophilic and lyophobic multi molecular, macromolecular colloids, properties of colloids, Tyndall effect and Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsions with their types
Unit 6, General Principles and Processes of Elements Isolation includes principles and methods of extraction; concentration, oxidation, and electrolytic reduction method, the occurrence of aluminium and its principles of extraction, copper, zinc, and iron
Unit 7, p- Block Elements contains group 15 elements of the periodic table; their overview, electronic configuration, occurrence, physical and chemical properties, oxidation states, preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen, phosphorus and its allotropic forms, and compounds, preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids. It also contains group 16 elements with their introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, and physical and chemical properties; dioxygen, preparation, its properties and uses, classification of oxides, ozone, sulphur with its allotropic forms and compounds; preparation, properties, and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid, its properties, uses, and industrial process of manufacture, and oxoacids of sulphur
Additionally, group 17 elements are also included in the same unit in which you need to study their introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, compounds of halogens, preparation, properties of chlorine, uses of chlorine, hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, and oxoacids of halogens. Another chapter in this unit is on group 18 elements which include their introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, their physical and chemical properties, and uses
Unit 8, d and f Block Elements include their introduction, and electronic configuration, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals and their properties, including their metallic character, ionisation enthalpy, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, and alloy formation
Also, you need to study the preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4; electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity of lanthanides, lanthanide contraction and its consequences. In actinoids, you need to study their electronic configuration, oxidation states, and their comparison with lanthanide
Unit 9, Coordination Compounds includes an introduction, ligands, coordination number, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, isomerism bonding, Werner’s theory VBT, CFT, and importance of coordination compounds
Unit 10, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, contains the nomenclature of haloalkanes, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, and Optical rotation. For haloarenes, you need to study the nature of the C-X bond, substitution reactions, uses, and environment effects of dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, and DDT
Unit 11, Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers, includes nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties of alcohols, how to identify primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, and uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol. In phenols, you need to study the nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature and uses of phenol, and electrophilic substitution reactions. As far as others are concerned, you need to go through their nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and uses
Unit 12, Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, nature of carbonyl group, nucleophilic addition and its mechanism, aldehydes and reactivity of alpha hydrogen in them, and their uses. You also need to study carboxylic acids with their nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical properties, and uses
Unit 13, Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Amines include their nomenclature, methods of preparation, classification, structure, physical and chemical properties, uses and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. It also contains diazonium salts with their preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry
Unit 14, Biomolecules contains their classification, DL configuration, monosaccharide, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides with their importances. In proteins, you need to know the elementary idea of amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptides, primary, the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure of proteins, denaturation of proteins, and enzymes. You also need to know the elementary idea of hormones, the classification and functions of vitamins, and a brief overview of nucleic acids.
Unit 15, Polymers contains natural and synthetic polymers, methods of polymerization, copolymerization, and an overview of important polymers with natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite, rubber, Biodegradable polymers, and non-biodegradable polymers
Unit 16, Chemistry in Everyday Life, contains an overview of medicines: analgesics, tranquilisers, antiseptics, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antacids, and antihistamines. Also, you need to study the chemicals in food, such as preservatives, elementary ideas of antioxidants, and artificial sweetening agents. Additionally, you need to study soaps and detergents with their cleansing action
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NEET 2022 Preparation Tips for Chemistry
- Practice NEET Previous Year Question Papers: Although the NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus is quite vast and there is too much to study, the concepts behind the questions are repetitive and with a slight twist. Practising NEET Previous Year Question Papers will help you improve your performance in the exam by a large margin. Practising lots of questions will increase your reflexes, making you quick and wise in selecting answers for the exam.
- Attend mock tests regularly: You should regularly attend NEET Mock Tests 2022 before the exam. Students who attend mock tests have a better chance of passing the exam than students who don’t. If you want free access to mock tests for NEET Exam, check NEET Mock Tests.
- Choose the right resources: NCERT is a must when it comes to NEET preparation, but you must refer to some other books that give you scope for practice.
After going through the discussion, you will be well-versed with the NEET syllabus from Class 12. Also, you will have gained some helpful tips to score high marks on the NEET UG exam. Students must study all the chapters when it comes to competitive exams like NEET. This is because many students compete for a set number of seats. There is no scope for procrastination or wasting time. Keep studying hard. Only the most focused and dedicated students are successful in the exam. Be one!