Class 11 physics is the base for higher studies in science. CBSE Class 11 physics syllabus 2022-23 has been released on the official website and students can download the full syllabus from there in pdf format. Here, in this article, we have included all the units with summary and mark distribution.
CBSE Class 11 Physics: Question Paper Design
Typology of Questions
|Total Marks||Approximate Percentage|
|Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.
Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas
|Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way||22||32%|
|Analysing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations
Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.
Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions.
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus
|Unit Number||Name of the Unit||Marks|
|Unit-1||Physical World and Measurement||23|
|Unit-3||Laws of Motion|
|Unit-4||Work, Energy, and Power||17|
|Unit-5||The motion of the System of Particles and Rigid Body|
|Unit-7||Properties of Bulk Matter||20|
|Unit-9||The behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases|
|Unit-10||Oscillations and Waves||10|
CBSE Class 11 Physics Detailed Syllabus
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement
Chapter 2: Units and Measurements
Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.
Unit II: Kinematics
Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line
Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane
Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors. Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
Unit III: Laws of Motion
Chapter 5: Laws of Motion
Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
Unit IV: Work, Energy, and Power
Chapter 6: Work, Energy, and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power. The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Chapter 7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation, and Centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation, and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions. Moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
Unit VI: Gravitation
Chapter 8: Gravitation
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.
Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter
Chapter 9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Elasticity, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (qualitative idea only), Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
Chapter 10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), the effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem, and its simple applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles, and capillary rise.
Chapter 11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity. Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law.
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics
Chapter 12: Thermodynamics
Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature zeroth law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics: gaseous state of matter, change of condition of gaseous state -isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes.
Unit IX: Behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
Chapter 13: Kinetic Theory
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of the mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves
Chapter 14: Oscillations
Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, and their application. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring- restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.
Chapter 15: Waves
Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats.
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2022-23: NCERT Reference Books
· Physics Part-I, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
· Physics Part-II, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
· Laboratory Manual of Physics, Class XI Published by NCERT 4
1. What is the scope of physics in class 11?
Class 11 is the foundation of basic knowledge of physics. Class 12th and 11th both are interconnected, therefore understanding the subjects from their base is very important.
2. What is the CBSE 11 physics syllabus?
The CBSE 11 physics syllabus, 2023 includes 10 units, physical world, and measurement, kinematics, laws of motion, work energy and power, the motion of a system of particles and rigid body, gravitation, properties of bulk matter, thermodynamics, the behavior of perfect gases and the kinetic theory of gases, oscillation and waves.
3. Where to download the CBSE class 11 Physics syllabus 2022-23?
Here on this page, you can download the CBSE Class 11 Physics syllabus 2022-23 or you can visit the Aakash website to download all subjects’ syllabus 2022-23.
4. Is class 11 Physics difficult?
Class 11 physics covers some most complex but base-level of topics. All those who have zero interest in this subject and maths subject will find Class 11 Physics difficult.
5. What is the best way to score good marks in Physics in class 11th?
The 11th-grade physics comprises three sections- Derivations, theory, and the numerical portion. The derivations and the numerical portions need to be understood and practiced, and that is where the NCERT solutions provided by Aakash for physics help you.
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