National Eligibility Entrance Test, known as NEET, is a qualifying exam through which students can take admissions in various medical courses like MBBS and BDS in several medical and dental colleges in India. NEET is conducted by National Test Agency (NTA).
A candidate must pass Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology as their compulsory subjects in 11th and 12th to be eligible for NEET 2022. Knowing the NEET 2022 Syllabus of every subject well in advance helps students prepare well for the NEET exam. Students must thoroughly read the NEET Biology syllabus to prepare for the NEET 2022 exam and score excellent marks. Biology is one of the important subjects that come in NEET exams. In addition, the correct answers in Biology are the deciding factor in the NEET ranks if two or more candidates have scored the same marks. NEET Biology syllabus contains topics after considering various state boards, like CBSE, NIOS, COBSE and ICSE. Therefore, all the candidates must check the syllabus, which chapters hold more weightage from the NEET 2022 Biology syllabus in the NEET 2022 exam.
|Class 11th Syllabus||Class 12th Syllabus|
|Diversity in the Living World|
|Structural organization – Plants and Animals||Genetics and Evolution|
|Cell Structure and Function||Biology and Human welfare|
|Plant Physiology||Biotechnology and its applications|
|Human physiology||Ecology and environment|
NEET Biology 2022 syllabus is divided according to different chapters. The candidates must prepare every topic from class 11th and 12th Biology for their preparation to score outstanding marks in the NEET exam. The list of topics according to the chapters are listed below:
Unit 1 – Diversity in Living World
Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy
Unit 2 – Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants; Animal tissues;
Unit 3 – Cell Structure and Function
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules; Cell division
Unit 4 – Plant Physiology
Transport in plants; Long distance transport of water; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients; Diffusion of gases Mineral nutrition; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation Photosynthesis; Site of photosynthesis take place; Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis Respiration; Cellular respiration; Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient
Unit 5 – Human Physiology
Digestion and absorption; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders Breathing and Respiration; Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders
Body fluids and circulation; Human circulatory system; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system- Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure
Locomotion and Movement; Skeletal system and its functions; Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia Gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout
Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear
Unit 1 – Reproduction
Reproduction in organisms; Asexual reproduction; Modes
Unit 2 – Genetics and Evolution
Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes
Unit 3 – Biology and Human Welfare
Health and Disease; Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse
Unit 4 – Biotechnology and Its Applications
Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering
Unit 5 – Ecology and environment
Organisms and environment; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution Ecosystem; Energy flow
|Diversity of Living Organisms||12%|
|Structural Organisation in Plants & Animals||9%|
|Cell: Structure and Function||8%|
|Genetics and Evolution||13%|
|Biology and Human Welfare||9%|
|Biotechnology and its Applications||4%|
|Ecology and Environment||
One of the most important parts of NEET exam preparation is knowing the syllabus and important chapters for the exam. The NEET Biology section carries the maximum weightage compared to NEET Chemistry and NEET Physics. NEET Biology comprises 90 questions, which are further divided into Botany (40-45 Questions) and Zoology (40-45 Questions). We have compiled a list of some of the important concepts from the NEET 2022 syllabus released by the NTA. You can go through these important concepts to revise and prepare for your upcoming NEET examination.
|Taxonomy||Morphology in Flowering Plants||Cell Organelles|
|Biological Systems of Classification Branches of Taxonomy||Morphology of Root and Its Types||Endomembrane System|
|Taxonomic Aids||Morphology in Flowering Plants||Nuclear Membrane|
|Scientific Names of Plants and Animals||Chapter Anatomy of Flowering Plants||Chromosome and Chromatids|
|Monera||Anatomy of Roots||Chromatin|
|Kingdom Monera||Anatomy of Stem||Nucleolus|
|Protista||Cell Organelles||Contractile Proteins|
|Kingdom Fungi||Cell the Basic Unit of Life||Diffusion Means of Transport Biology|
|Habitat of Fungi||What Is a Cell||Guttation|
|Algae and Fungi||An Overview of Cell||Passive Transport|
|Reproduction in Fungi||Cell Structure and Function||Introduction Hydroponics and the Study of Mineral Requirements of the Plants|
|Viruses||Cell Theory and Its Modification||Photosynthesis|
|Pteridophytes Alternation of Generations||Prokaryotic Cell||Aerobic Anaerobic Respiration|
|Algae||Eukaryotic Cell||Seed Germination|
|Phaeophyceae and Rhodophyceae||Plants||Alimentary Canal|
|Bryophytes||Cell Envelopes and Cell Membrane Invagination||Internal Anatomy Alimentary Canal|
|Gymnosperms||Cytoplasm and Cell Membrane||Human Digestive System|
|Difference Between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms||Cell Wall and Cell Membrane||Peristalsis|
|Disorders of Respiratory System||Regulation of Respiration||Movement and Locomotion|
|Chapter Breathing and Exchange of Gases||Blood and Plasma||Cilia and Flagella|
|Human Respiratory System||Human Heart||Endocrine System Ductless Gland|
The NEET UG 2022 Registration has begin on April 6. The registration would continue till May 7, 2022. check out more about notifications on NEET 2022 Exam Dates
Ques 1: Can I leave some topics while preparing for the NEET exam from the NEET Biology syllabus?
No, an aspirant must not leave any topic from the NEET Biology syllabus. In addition, more correct answers in Biology help candidates get a higher rank if two or more candidates have secured the same marks.
Ques 2: How to prepare so many topics from the NEET Biology syllabus?
Aspirants must complete all the topics one to two months before the NEET exam to get sufficient time for revision. In addition, making short notes for every chapter and revising them helps retain the concepts in mind for a longer time.
Ques 3: Is it necessary to take a NEET Mock Test for Biology syllabus?
Yes, candidates must take mock tests weeks before the main NEET exam. It helps in time management, strategizing which section to attempt first, and creating a balance between easy and tough questions. Candidates must take mock tests like real NEET exams.
Ques 4: Which chapter holds maximum weightage in NEET Biology Syllabus?
Human psychology, reproduction, genetics, and evolution hold the maximum weightage in the NEET Biology syllabus. However, the candidate must prepare every chapter thoroughly as questions can come from any chapter irrespective of the weightage.
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