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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 - Rise of Nationalism in Europe

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The Aakash NCERT solution to history chapter 1 discusses Nationalism and the Rise of Nationalism in Europe. This chapter deals with Sorrieu’s Utopian idea, which visualised the European states approaching the symbol of ‘nation-state’, the Statue of Liberty.

The idea of Nationalism swept across Europe in the nineteenth century, leading to the emergence of nation-states in Europe. The idea of a nation-state evoked a sense of unity of descent among the Europeans. Several factors contributed to the rise of the spirit of Nationalism in Europe. For example, the French Revolution in 1789 overthrew the monarchy in France and transferred the power to the common citizens, which created a common identity among them. Gradually, the idea of Nationalism spread to other parts of Europe, such as Germany, Italy, Switzerland, etc. The states were previously controlled by aristocrats. However, with the emergence of Industrialisation, new classes emerged, which led to the rise of new classes and eventually the abolishment of the aristocracy. The transfer of power to the citizens gave rise to the idea of Liberal Nationalism which provided equality for all and freedom to individual citizens.

After 1815, the idea of Conservatism emerged, which believed that institutions, such as monarchy and Church, should be preserved. However, following the idea, the Age of Revolutions led by educated middle-class elite liberal-nationalists emerged. Louis Phillipe was made the head of the constitutional monarchy, which replaced the rule of the Bourbon kings. Eventually, this shift of power sparked a protest which led to the separation of Belgium. Gradually, after more upheavals and revolutions, Germany and Italy established themselves as nation-states.

 

 

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Also See,
History – India and Contemporary World II
Chapter 1: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Chapter 2: Nationalism in India Chapter 3: The Making of a Global World
Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialisation Chapter 5: Print Culture and the Modern World
Geography – Contemporary India II
Chapter 1: Resources and Development Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources Chapter 3: Water Resources
Chapter 4: Agriculture Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries
Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy  
Political Science – Democratic Politics II
Chapter 1: Power-sharing Chapter 2: Federalism Chapter 3: Democracy and Diversity
Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste Chapter 5: Popular Struggles and Movements Chapter 6: Political Parties
Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy
Economics – Understanding Economic Development
Chapter 1: Development Chapter 2: Sectors of the Indian Economy Chapter 3: Money and Credit
Chapter 4: Globalisation and the Indian Economy Chapter 5: Consumer Rights

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