Class 10 History Chapter 1: The Aakash NCERT solution to history chapter 1 discusses Nationalism and the Rise of Nationalism in Europe. This chapter deals with Sorrieu’s Utopian idea, which visualised the European states approaching the symbol of ‘nation-state’, the Statue of Liberty.
The idea of Nationalism swept across Europe in the nineteenth century, leading to the emergence of nation-states in Europe. The idea of a nation-state evoked a sense of unity of descent among the Europeans. Several factors contributed to the rise of the spirit of Nationalism in Europe. For example, the French Revolution in 1789 overthrew the monarchy in France and transferred the power to the common citizens, which created a common identity among them. Gradually, the idea of Nationalism spread to other parts of Europe, such as Germany, Italy, Switzerland, etc. The states were previously controlled by aristocrats. However, with the emergence of Industrialisation, new classes emerged, which led to the rise of new classes and eventually the abolishment of the aristocracy. The transfer of power to the citizens gave rise to the idea of Liberal Nationalism which provided equality for all and freedom to individual citizens.
After 1815, the idea of Conservatism emerged, which believed that institutions, such as monarchy and Church, should be preserved. However, following the idea, the Age of Revolutions led by educated middle-class elite liberal-nationalists emerged. Louis Phillipe was made the head of the constitutional monarchy, which replaced the rule of the Bourbon kings. Eventually, this shift of power sparked a protest which led to the separation of Belgium. Gradually, after more upheavals and revolutions, Germany and Italy established themselves as nation-states.
|Chapter 1: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe||Chapter 2: Nationalism in India|
|Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialisation|
|Chapter 1: Resources and Development||Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources|
|Chapter 4: Agriculture||Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources|
|Chapter 1: Power-sharing||Chapter 2: Federalism|
|Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste||Chapter 5: Popular Struggles and Movements|
|Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy|
|Chapter 1: Development||Chapter 2: Sectors of the Indian Economy|
|Chapter 4: Globalisation and the Indian Economy|
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