This chapter discusses the resources found on Earth and how it has been developed to use for various applications. Resources are those that can fulfil the basic needs of humans and are technologically and economically efficient and culturally accepted. They are of two types of resources, such as natural and human.
Natural resources are a gift from nature. Some examples of natural resources are oil, water, metals, air, and coal. When humans use natural resources to make products, these products are called man-made or human resources. For example, when wood is used to make paper, paper is considered a man-made resource.
Based on origin, resources can be classified as biotic and abiotic, while based on exhaustibility, resources are classified as renewable and non-renewable. Some examples of biotic and abiotic resources are animals and water, respectively. Biotic resources are living resources, whereas abiotic are non-living resources. On the other hand, renewable resources are resources that available in an unlimited amount and can be generated constantly, for example, thermal energy. On the contrary, non-renewable resources are those which can be exhausted after years of use and take a very long to regenerate, for example, fossil fuels.
Furthermore, resources are individual, community, national, and international resources based on ownership. Resources are potential, developed, stock, and reserve based on the status of development. Resource planning is essential for sustainable development in India because of uneven distribution and equal availability of resources. Sustainable development is the development in the present which do not compromise with the needs of the future generation.
Conservation of land is necessary and important as it can be utilized for forest agricultural and non-agricultural uses. Land Degradation is a common problem that has gained momentum due to human activities like deforestation, overgrazing, etc. Measures to reduce Land Degradation include afforestation, controlled grazing, etc. Also, there are other issues that have emerged due to development, such as soil erosion. However, measures such as contour ploughing and shelter belts have been adopted to limit soil erosion.
History – India and Contemporary World II
|Chapter 1: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe||Chapter 2: Nationalism in India||Chapter 3: The Making of a Global World|
|Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialisation||Chapter 5: Print Culture and the Modern World|
Geography – Contemporary India II
|Chapter 1: Resources and Development||Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources||Chapter 3: Water Resources|
|Chapter 4: Agriculture||Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources||Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries|
|Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy|
Political Science – Democratic Politics II
|Chapter 1: Power-sharing||Chapter 2: Federalism||Chapter 3: Democracy and Diversity|
|Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste||Chapter 5: Popular Struggles and Movements||Chapter 6: Political Parties|
|Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy||Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy|
Economics – Understanding Economic Development
|Chapter 1: Development||Chapter 2: Sectors of the Indian Economy||Chapter 3: Money and Credit|
|Chapter 4: Globalisation and the Indian Economy||Chapter 5: Consumer Rights|
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