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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science Chapter 4 - Working of Constitutions

The fourth chapter talks about the formation of policies and the procedure taken to amend them. The memorandum that contains details of reserving seats in various departments for the backward category of the society has also been stated. Directors head various commissions in India, and thus the commission is known after their name. The need for having diverse political institutions is briefed out. A brief analysis of two houses of the parliament and the people who work under the structure has also been described.

The chapter highlights the differences between political and public executives. The main head of the country is the prime minister, under whom the council of ministers works. The presidential system and the powers of the Prime minister are done. The chapter ends with the most important topic, which is the Judiciary system.

  • The chapter begins with the policies and how are they formed and implemented.
  • Backward classes of the society are given reservation not only in electoral seats but also in various places such as government jobs and academic fields.
  • A memorandum is only issued after the report is analyzed and submitted by the respective commission.
  • The chapter briefs the case of reservation with a quick table containing departments involved in the decision and its outcome.
  • Formation of various government institutions are needed to get the correct outcome in which everyone has their opinion and suggestions
  • A bill can only be passed and implemented if both houses of the parliament approve it by filling the signature quota.
  • The chapter sums up the need and process of the Presidential system, prime minister, the council of ministers, and the importance of the judiciary system.


Also See Social Science History- Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 The French Revolution Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World
Geography- Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 India Size and Location Chapter 2 Physical Features of India Chapter 3 Drainage
Chapter 4 Climate Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 6 Population
Political Science (Civics) - Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why is Democracy? Chapter 2 Constitutional Design Chapter 3 Electoral Politics
Chapter 5 Democratic Rights
Social Science Economics - Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur Chapter 2 People as a Resource Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge
Chapter 4 Food Security in India

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