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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

In the previous chapter, the purpose of Democracy and the examples of various countries where it is implemented has been done. This chapter begins by quoting a short paragraph by Nelson Mandela on the brutal steps taken by the White government of South Africa against blacks and Indians. The apartheid system of bias between whites and black came to an end with protests from the united groups of Blacks and Indians.

Further, the chapter outlines the basis on which the constitution of South Africa works. The need for a constitutional framework is stated with factors. Like South Africans' struggle, the chapter draws similarities between the South African constitution and the Indian constitution. Eminent people who contributed to the framework of the constitution have been done. In the end, the chapter concludes by stating the philosophy of the constitution and the pillars on which it is based.

  • The chapter talks about how native blacks and Indians were seen as untouchables by the White South African Government.
  • Various protests by Blacks, Indians, and sensitive whites of South Africa led to the formation of a constitutional framework.
  • The chapter uses the example of the South African government to show the similarities with the Indian constitution.
  • After a long struggle with Britishers, the Indians too framed their Constitution based on the past and with a vision to develop a sustainable future.
  • Pictures are used in the chapter to illustrate the main idealists who contributed to the constitutional framework.
  • As elected legislatures from around the states in India were involved in the framework of the constitution, making it acceptable by India's whole population.
  • In the end, the chapter talks about the Preamble of the Constitution, which consists of values among which are Sovereign, republic, justice, and so on along with the pillars of it.



Also See Social Science History- Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 The French Revolution Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World
Geography- Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 India Size and Location Chapter 2 Physical Features of India Chapter 3 Drainage
Chapter 4 Climate Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 6 Population
Political Science (Civics) - Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why is Democracy? Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Chapter 4 Working of Institutions
Chapter 5 Democratic Rights
Social Science Economics - Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur Chapter 2 People as a Resource Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge
Chapter 4 Food Security in India

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