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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 8: Devotional Paths to the Divine

iacst-2022

People have different rituals of worship that they perform. Be it by repeating the name of God in silence or going on their knees whether it is for their health or want of good marks in examinations, they pray. However, from where did the idea of gods or the divine enlightenment originate from? Who is aware that before the large kingdoms had emerged, different groups of people used to worship their gods and goddesses? Chapter 8 of this book further explores the idea and explains more about the devotional paths to the divine.

In this chapter, we will study Shankara, one of India's most influential philosophers, born in Kerala in the eighth century and became an advocate of Advaita, also known as the doctrine of the confluence of the soul and the Supreme God. He taught that the Brahman was formless and was without any attributes and considered the world to be an illusion or 'Maya' and the adoption of the path of knowledge to understand what a Brahman truly is and attain salvation. The period between the seventh to ninth century also saw the emergence of new religious movements such as the Nayanars and Alvars movement.

These movements allowed all castes in the society to be a part of it, even those considered "untouchable" like the Pulaiyar and the Panars. These groups were critical of the Buddhists and Jains and so preached Shiva or Vishnu's ardent love as the path to salvation. They were formed upon the ideals of love and heroism, which is present in the Sangam literature, which was composed in the early centuries of the Common Era and blended them with values of bhakti. The Nayanars and Alvars then went from place to place composing exquisite poems to praise the deities and set them to music to promote their religion.

 

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Also See
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes through a Thousand Years NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftspersons
Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 10 Eighteenth-Century Political Formations
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 1 On Equality NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2 The Role of the Government in Health NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 3 How the State Government Works
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 5 Women Change the World NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 6 Understanding Media
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 7 Markets Around Us NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 9 Struggles for Equality
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 1 Environment NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 3 Our Changing Earth
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 4 Air NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 Water NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 6 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 Human-Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 8 Human-Environment Interactions – The Tropical and the Subtropical Region NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts

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