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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3: How the State Government Works

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Chapter 3 focuses on the working of the government and ideas of representation, accountability and public welfare. After understanding the functions of both the executive and legislature in detail, students will be able to discuss and achieve the answers of a few questions such as "who is the most powerful person?", "Why can't the MLA solve the problem? Etc. The Government works at three levels which include local, state and national levels. The people elect members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and Members of Parliament (MP). MLA represents people of a constituency. Every Indian state has a Legislative Assembly as the seat of power for the state. Each state is divided into different constituencies of MLAs and MPs.

Candidates of different political parties fight in the elections. Besides this, the candidates can also fight as independently without being affiliated to any party. A political party which wins more than half the number of seats in the Legislative Assembly in a state reaches a majority. This majority which can be formed by a single party or groups of parties can come together in an alliance to form a government. This party is called the ruling party and all other members who do not support or are not able to form the government comprise the opposition.

The chief minister then selects other people within his party or alliance as ministers in their cabinet. Then, the Governor of the state appoints the chief minister and other ministers. The chief minister and the council of ministers are responsible for the government's efficient functioning and their ministries.

 

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Also See
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes through a Thousand Years NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftspersons
Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 8 Devotional Paths to the Divine NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 10 Eighteenth-Century Political Formations
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 1 On Equality NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2 The Role of the Government in Health NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 5 Women Change the World NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 6 Understanding Media NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 7 Markets Around Us
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Political Science Chapter 9 Struggles for Equality
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NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 1 Environment NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 3 Our Changing Earth
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 4 Air NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 Water NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 6 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 Human-Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 8 Human-Environment Interactions – The Tropical and the Subtropical Region NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts

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