In Biology, it is said that in all living organisms, the two most important attributes of cells are growth and reproduction. These characteristics of cells have been discussed in this whole NCERT Solutions for class 11 Biology Chapter 10.
Cells can reproduce by dividing themselves into two where each parental cell (i.e. the one reproducing) gives birth to two new daughter cells every time they divide. Now, these fresh sets of daughter cells grow on their own and divide themselves to form a new cell population, created because of the growth and division of one parental cell and its progeny. This continuous process of cell growth and division is known as Cycles of Cell Growth and Division that let a single cell to create a structure comprising millions of cells. Other than this, a few other subtopics are also a part of this chapter, like Cell Cycle, Importance of Mitosis, Meiosis, Importance of Meiosis, and M Phase. So, let's have an overlook of the topics of this chapter.
Chapter 10 'Cell Cycle and Cell Division' is a part of Unit IV - 'Plant Physiology' of class 11 Biology syllabus, where a description of the phases of cell development has been given. The significance of Meiosis is a pivotal part of this chapter.
Meiosis helps in preserving the outgrowing chromosome numbers of every living species occurring across ages. Such variables are essential for the advanced stages of the cycle. Meiosis, chromosomal changes, etc., are immensely important in successfully developing an organism. The two most important aspects of this chapter are Mitosis and Meiosis. The difference between the two is that the former one takes place in somatic cells, giving rise to two daughter cells and germ cells. Whereas, the latter also happens in somatic cells, but gives birth to four daughter cells.
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