agra,ahmedabad,ajmer,akola,aligarh,ambala,amravati,amritsar,aurangabad,ayodhya,bangalore,bareilly,bathinda,bhagalpur,bhilai,bhiwani,bhopal,bhubaneswar,bikaner,bilaspur,bokaro,chandigarh,chennai,coimbatore,cuttack,dehradun,delhi ncr,dhanbad,dibrugarh,durgapur,faridabad,ferozpur,gandhinagar,gaya,ghaziabad,goa,gorakhpur,greater noida,gurugram,guwahati,gwalior,haldwani,haridwar,hisar,hyderabad,indore,jabalpur,jaipur,jalandhar,jammu,jamshedpur,jhansi,jodhpur,jorhat,kaithal,kanpur,karimnagar,karnal,kashipur,khammam,kharagpur,kochi,kolhapur,kolkata,kota,kottayam,kozhikode,kurnool,kurukshetra,latur,lucknow,ludhiana,madurai,mangaluru,mathura,meerut,moradabad,mumbai,muzaffarpur,mysore,nagpur,nanded,narnaul,nashik,nellore,noida,palwal,panchkula,panipat,pathankot,patiala,patna,prayagraj,puducherry,pune,raipur,rajahmundry,ranchi,rewa,rewari,rohtak,rudrapur,saharanpur,salem,secunderabad,silchar,siliguri,sirsa,solapur,sri-ganganagar,srinagar,surat,thrissur,tinsukia,tiruchirapalli,tirupati,trivandrum,udaipur,udhampur,ujjain,vadodara,vapi,varanasi,vellore,vijayawada,visakhapatnam,warangal,yamuna-nagar

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 3: Ruling the Countryside

Get

This chapter will discuss the aftermath of a territory's conquest by the East India Company. How did it use the territory to increase its riches? How it dealt with the farmers, traders, and the tribes of the conquered land. The points discussed further are a brief overview of the chapter:

  • After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the company took the role of Chief Financial Administrator of the empire of Bengal.
  • When the company obtained the rights of Diwani, the responsibility of administering the land and collecting its revenue also became the responsibility of the company.
  • Artisans left Bengal as the company was forcing them to sell their products faster. Peasants were unable to pay the heavy taxes levied on them. Agriculture was collapsing.
  • A big famine of 1770 hit Bengal. This killed about 10 million populations there, washing out about 1/3rd of the population of Bengal.
  • As such incidents ruined the economy heavily, the company then felt the need to improve agriculture, which it did with various revenue collection policies such as the Permanent Settlement, Mahalwari system, Ryotwari system.
  • The company forced farmers to grow indigo. Bengal was the largest provider of indigo to British.
  • The peasants were forced to work in plantations, a large farm operated by a planter employing various forced labour forms. Plantations were involved in the production of coffee, sugarcane, tobacco, etc.
  • Those led to discontent among the farmers and the tribal as well and led to many revolts.
  • As Britain began to industrialise, the people of India and other colonial countries worsened, for Britishers turned them into vast territories of the British empire whose sole purpose became to produce raw materials for Britain's industries.

 

Download PDF For FREE

Also See
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, dikus and the vision of golden age
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 5 When People Rebel NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the city NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Weavers, Iron Smelters and factory owners
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 8 Civilising the "Native", educating the nation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 9 Women, caste, and Reform NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 10 The changing world of visual arts
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 11 The making of the national movements NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 12 India after Independence
Social Science Geography- Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Land, soil, water, natural vegetation and wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 3 Mineral and power resources
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 4 Agriculture NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 5 Industries NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 6 Human Resource
Social Science Civics - Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding our criminal Justice System
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10 Law and social justice

Talk to our expert

Resend OTP Timer =
By submitting up, I agree to receive all the Whatsapp communication on my registered number and Aakash terms and conditions and privacy policy