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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 4: Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age

iacst-2022

The chapter will shed considerable light upon the questions related to Tribals, Dikus, etc. How the rules formed by the Company hindered their existence, and how did their lives change. The following points can briefly discuss the chapter.

  • The customs and rituals that were followed by most tribes were very different. They varied from those laid down by Brahmans.
  • The tribal people of India had a different way of life and were involved in a variety of activities by the nineteenth century. Some tribal people practised jhum cultivation, which is, shifting cultivation. A modified form of this still continues in many forest areas of modern- day Gujarat. In this scenario, the trees are cut, and the land is cleared to create patches for cultivation.
  • Tribal groups in many regions depended on hunting animals and gathering forest produce for their living. Herding and rearing also became an occupation for many tribal groups.
  • All these activities of the tribals clashed with the company's economic interests and led to battles being fought on both ends. The revolt of Sonogram Sangma in 1906 in Assam and the forest satyagraha of the 1930s in the Central Provinces are two such examples.
  • From the late nineteenth century, the concept of tea plantations gained traction, and mining became an important industry. Contractors recruited tribals in large numbers as manual labour for the tea plantations of Assam. They were also employed in the coal mines of Jharkhand. These tribals used to be recruited through contractors. These contractors paid them miserably low wages and the tribals were not allowed to return home.
  • Tribal groups from across the country revolted against the changes in laws. This was majorly in response to the restrictions on their practices and traditions. They were against the new taxes levied on them, and the exploitation they faced by traders and moneylenders.

 

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Also See
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling the Countryside
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 5 When People Rebel NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the city NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Weavers, Iron Smelters and factory owners
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 8 Civilising the "Native", educating the nation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 9 Women, caste, and Reform NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 10 The changing world of visual arts
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 11 The making of the national movements NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 12 India after Independence
Social Science Geography- Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Land, soil, water, natural vegetation and wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 3 Mineral and power resources
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 4 Agriculture NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 5 Industries NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 6 Human Resource
Social Science Civics - Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding our criminal Justice System
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10 Law and social justice

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