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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2: From Trade to Territory

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In this chapter, students get to know how the East India Company that came to India as a mercantile company turned into gaining territories after territories. The wars the company fought with the native rulers and the schemes and policies they adopted to gain territory. Students are advised to follow the chapter carefully, for the information of this chapter is important for understanding the subsequent chapters. Following are the points in which points can brief the chapter in:

  • Aurangzeb was the last powerful Mughal ruler. After Aurangzeb died, the later Mughal rulers proved to be powerless and inefficient. The foreign powers got an opportunity to establish their rule in India.
  • After Aurangzeb, there was no powerful Mughal ruler, but Mughal emperors continued to be symbolically important.
  • Initially, the East India Company bought goods at a low price and then sold them at a higher price in Europe.
  • The East India Company and its officials accumulated wealth through India's trade and caught the attention of other European powers.
  • Company officials misused the farmlands issued for dubious purposes, and this created clashes with the territorial rulers.
  • After Aurangzeb died, the Bengal Nawabs asserted their power and autonomy and denied the company any concessions on trade. This led to clashes between the company officials and the nawabs, which ultimately culminated in Plassey and the Battle of Buxar.
  • Many company officials came from humble backgrounds, and their uppermost desire was to earn enough in India, return to Britain and lead a comfortable life.
  • The company used the riches of Bengal to fight its other wars with the Nizam, and Wars fought in Mysore, the Anglo-Maratha wars, and other expenses.
  • When Lord Dalhousie came into power, they adopted the Doctrine of Lapse. This stated that the rulers who do not have any legal heir could not pass on their property to their adopted son, and in such a case, it would be taken over by the British.

 

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Also See
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling the Countryside NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, dikus and the vision of golden age
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 5 When People Rebel NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the city NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Weavers, Iron Smelters and factory owners
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 8 Civilising the "Native", educating the nation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 9 Women, caste, and Reform NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 10 The changing world of visual arts
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 11 The making of the national movements NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 12 India after Independence
Social Science Geography- Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Land, soil, water, natural vegetation and wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 3 Mineral and power resources
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 4 Agriculture NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 5 Industries NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 6 Human Resource
Social Science Civics - Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding our criminal Justice System
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10 Law and social justice

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