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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 6: Colonialism and the City

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The changes that happened to cities under the Colonial Rule will be elaborated in the chapter. The wreckage caused the fall of old cities and the reason behind building the new cities. The points can briefly describe the chapter-

  • Major cities of the pre-colonial era were sites of trade. However, this norm underwent a huge change when the country was under British rule.
  • Major cities under the British were the ports, which were centres where finished goods exported raw materials, and Britishers imported finished goods.
  • The older cities which were famous for their craft and artistic work declined. Cities like Machlipatnam, Surat, and Seringapatam, to name a few were de-urbanised during the 19 th century. Only 11 percent of Indians remained in these cities by the beginning of the 20 th century.
  • Bombay's city began to grow when the East India Company started using Bombay as its main port in western India.
  • In the late eighteenth century, cities like Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras rose in importance. They became known as Presidency cities. They turned into the centres of British power in the different regions of India.
  • Soon these cities were urbanised, i.e., more and more people began to reside in towns and cities.
  • Many areas in and around Delhi were demolished, and the city was divided into two parts, the white part for British residence and the black part for the Indians to reside.
  • New Delhi was constructed as a 10-square-mile city on Raisina Hill, south of the existing city. Two architects, Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker, were called on to design New Delhi and its buildings.

 

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Also See
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling the Countryside
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, dikus and the vision of golden age NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 5 When People Rebel NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Weavers, Iron Smelters and factory owners
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 8 Civilising the "Native", educating the nation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 9 Women, caste, and Reform NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 10 The changing world of visual arts
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 11 The making of the national movements NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 12 India after Independence
Social Science Geography- Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Land, soil, water, natural vegetation and wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 3 Mineral and power resources
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 4 Agriculture NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 5 Industries NCERT Solutions for Class 8 GeographyChapter 6 Human Resource
Social Science Civics - Chapter-Wise
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding our criminal Justice System
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10 Law and social justice

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