NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds: The entire chapter explains carbon (C), its bonding and the properties related to it. Allotropy and the versatile nature of carbon are some essential basic concepts of this chapter. Carbon has three primary allotropes - Diamond, graphite and buckminsterfullerene. Catenation and tetravalent nature are the properties behind the versatile nature of carbon. The physical properties of organic compounds explain the low boiling point and melting point, and insulation properties of most of the carbon compounds. The chemical properties of carbon compounds include - combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction.
Science Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds further discusses the phenomenon of isomerism which explains that more than a single compound can have the same chemical formula but different structures and properties. The chapter also explains well about soaps and detergents along with the detailed cleansing action of soap. Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long-chain fatty acids, whereas detergents are ammonium and sulphonate salts of long-chain fatty acids. The cleansing action of soap explains how soap molecules arrange themselves in micelle formation and trap the dirt at the centre of the micelles collection.
The discussion of hydrocarbon and its type in Science Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds has been discussed. Compounds of carbon and hydrogen are called hydrocarbons which are of two types - Saturated and Unsaturated hydrocarbons. In saturated hydrocarbons, we have alkanes with the general formula CnH2n+2, whereas, in the case of unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkenes and alkynes have the general formula CnH2n and CnH2n-2, respectively.
|Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations||Chapter 2 Acids, Bases and Salts||Chapter 3 Metals and Non-Metals|
|Chapter 5 Periodic Classification of Elements||Chapter 6 Life Processes||Chapter 7 Control and Coordination|
|Chapter 8 How do Organisms Reproduce||Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution||Chapter 10 Light Reflection and Refraction|
|Chapter 11 The Human Eye and Colorful World||Chapter 12 Electricity||Chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current|
|Chapter 14 Sources of Energy||Chapter 15 Our Environment||Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources|
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