Chapter 6 Fractions primarily consists of various ways to introduce fractions and their types. A fraction is defined as some part of the whole thing. When some entity is divided into equal parts, each part is a fraction of the whole. It is denoted as a/b, where a and b are represented as numerator and denominator, respectively. The numerator represents the portion taken into consideration, whereas the denominator denotes the total number of equal parts present. There are different types of fractions that are discussed further in this chapter. This can be better understood in the case of shaded diagrams. When a square is divided into four parts and three parts are shaded, this can be represented as ¾. This is known as a fraction of the shaded portion.
Chapter 6 Fractions introduces a unique way of depicting time as fractions can also be incorporated in time. For example, 20 minutes can also be represented as 1/3 of an hour. It is similar to integers in the case of representation in a number line.
Chapter 6 also talks about a mixed number formed by combining three parts, a whole number, a numerator and a denominator. It generally represents a number between two whole numbers. The proper and improper fractions can be described with the use of numerators and denominators. If the numerator is less than the denominator, it is a proper fraction, whereas when the numerator is higher as compared to the denominator, it is termed an improper fraction. Fractions can also be simplified to their lowest or simplest form by finding factors and HCF.
This chapter comprises various numerical problems that can be solved with the help of fractions. These problems are applicable while solving real-life issues, and hence, the students must study them thoroughly.