NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 7:New questions and ideas
In this chapter, we would read about new schools of thoughts. The chapter begins with an introduction to Buddhism. It talks about Gautam Buddha and his life. The chapter goes on to talk about the Upanishads. We will learn about how they were written and what they contain? The students would also be introduced to Jainism. The group of Buddhists and Jains, also called sangha, would also be introduced to students. Finally, the chapter would give information about the monasteries. These were similar to temples, where Buddhist and Jain monks lived. The chapter has the following points to learn:
- Around 2,500 years ago, Siddhartha was born in the Sakya gana.
- He left his house to search for knowledge
- After years of wandering and meditating, he achieved enlightenment
- After the event of enlightenment, he was known as Buddha or the Enlightened one.
- For the rest of his life, he travelled from one place, another spreading his teachings.
- Around the same time, the Upanishads were also written
- What happens after we die? Is there life after death? What is the reasoning behind sacrifices? The answers to these questions were written in the Upanishads.
- Upanishads contain these ideas and conversations between students and teachers. Most Upanishad thinkers were brahmins and rajas.
- Around 2,500 years ago, Vardhamana Mahavir also started spreading his teachings and ideas. He left his house at the age of 30 and after years of struggle, attained enlightenment.
- He preached ahimsa, the principle of not hurting living creatures.
- Followers of Mahavir were known as Jains.
- Jains had to live a simple life. They always had to be honest and never steal.
- Sangha was an association of people who practised or followed Buddha or Mahavir.
- Permanent shelters for these monks and nuns were called monasteries.