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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 9: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

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In this chapter, we start by looking at iron tools that developed during historic times. These tools were used to make agriculture more efficient. We will study the new irrigation methods that were developed. The chapter further tells us about three kinds of people living in villages in the south, the north and the rest of the country. Students would also get to know about the different stories and sculptors that tell us of those times. The chapter also talks about coins and their usage over time. Finally, we would read about Mathura, one of the very few famous cities for many reasons, and end with a brief description of the crafts of those times. The important points to keep in mind from the chapter are:

  • Around 2,500 years ago, the use of iron tools in agriculture increased.
  • The increase in production also led to new irrigation methods like tanks, wells, canals etc.
  • In southern India, landlords were called Vellalar, ordinary ploughmen were known as Uzhavar, and labourers were known as Adimai.
  • In northern India, the village headman was known as the Grama Bhojaka. This post was hereditary.
  • Independent farmers were known as Grihapatis, who were small landowners.
  • Stories, similar to the works of Jatakas, sculptors, buildings, pottery, and accounts of travellers help us understand those times.
  • The earliest coins found from this period are punch-marked coins.
  • Mathura was located in the middle of two trade routes and thus, was a very important city for 2,500 ears. Two thousand years ago, it also became the capital of the Kushanas.
  • Mathura was also a religious centre for Buddhists, Jains and devotees of Krishna.
  • Evidence has also been found of crafts from this period. Manufacturing of cloth was also famous in places like Varanasi and Mathura.

 

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Also See    
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 1:What, where, how, and when NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 2: On The Trail of the Earliest People NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 3: From Hunting-Gathering to Growing Food
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4: In the earliest cities NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 5: What Books And Burials Tells Us NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 6: Kingdom, Kings and Early Republic
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 7:New questions and ideas NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 8: Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 10: Traders, Kings and Pilgrims
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 11: New Empires and Kingdoms NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 12: Buildings, Paintings and Books NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 1: The Earth In The Solar System
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Globe Latitudes and Longitudes NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 3: Motions of Earth NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 4: Maps
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5: Major Domains Of The Earth NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6: Major Landforms Of The Earth NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 7: Our Country India
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 8:India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 1: Understanding Diversity NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 2:Diversity and Discrimination
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 3: What Is Government NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 4: Key Elements of a Democratic Government NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 5: Panchayati Raj
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 6: Rural Administration NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 7:Urban Administration NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8: Rural Livelihoods
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 9: Urban Livelihoods    

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