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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 7: Our Country India

This chapter begins with a brief introduction about the landforms, geographical locations, demographics etc. of this country. We read about the location of India on the globe and also about its neighbouring countries. The chapter also talks about the political and administrative mechanisms in India. We also learn about our country's physical features in terms of mountain ranges, plateaus, plains, etc. The chapter concludes by talking about the coastal areas and the islands that come within India's jurisdiction. The key points of the chapter include the following:

  • India is surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the south.
  • India is located above the equator, in the northern hemisphere of the world. Among the latitudes, the tropic of Cancer passes through India.
  • The chapter also tells us India's location according to latitudes and longitudes.
  • Seven countries share their borders with India. A detailed map marks out all these countries.
  • We also find out about the division of political states and union territories in India.
  • India also has vastly spread geographical and physical landforms. Mountains, deserts, coastal regions, plateaus, plains etc. all are found within India.
  • The chapter also tells us about the western and eastern ghats and their differences.
  • We also learn about the rivers in India and their tributaries.
  • There are two groups of islands in India. Lakshadweep islands in the Arabian sea and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal.


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