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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 4: Key Elements of a Democratic Government

This chapter will tell us about some of the key elements that affect a democratic government's working. We would read about the common people's participation in the democratic process and the different ways this participation is achieved. We will also learn about the resolution of conflict and the ideals of equality and justice in a democracy. The important takeaway from the chapter includes:

  • The chapter gives us an example of British rule in South Africa.
  • We learn about the apartheid laws that discriminated against the black and white people in South Africa. We learn about the importance of democracy from this example.
  • In India, people participate in elections by electing representatives. All governments are formed for a fixed period of 5 years.
  • People can also participate by criticising or complimenting the government.
  • People can organise strikes, rallies, protests etc. to show their disapproval of the government.
  • Diversity of language, cultures, caste etc. can also lead to conflicts. The government is responsible for solving these conflicts.
  • The government and the police intervene in these conflicts and try to find the middle ground.
  • Conflicts may arise regarding religious processions, over river bodies, over the construction of dams and many more issues.
  • If the conflict turns violent, the police step up to curb it.
  • The chapter also tells us about practices like untouchability that created inequality in society.
  • Many reformists like Dr B.R. Ambedkar fought against these unjust practices.
  • Another unjust practice in India is the preference of boys over girls in society. Thus, the government creates special schemes for girls to promote justice in society.


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