NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 2:Diversity and Discrimination
The chapter begins by telling us the difference between prejudice and stereotypes. We also learn about how and why stereotypes are created. The chapter goes on to tell us about discrimination and how it creates inequality in society. We will learn about caste inequalities and how to tackle them in society. Finally, we would read about how people have been striving for equality. We would read about the freedom struggle and the Dalit movements which were aimed at reducing inequality. The chapter teaches us these finer points:
- Prejudice means to look at other people in an inferior manner. For example, thinking that English is a better language than others is prejudice.
- Stereotypes are societal roles associated with people according to gender, race etc.
- For example, "boys don't cry" is a stereotype.
- When people act on these prejudices and stereotypes, it's called discrimination.
- Poor people face much discrimination in hospitals, schools, and even police stations because they are poor.
- Tribal people might also face discrimination when their culture is not valued.
- The chapter also tells us about how some jobs are ridiculed and against which people discriminate. For example, cleaning hair, picking garbage etc. are seen to be low-level jobs.
- India's caste system is also an example of how people are discriminated against in jobs because of their castes.
- Even during the freedom struggle people fought against inequality.
- The chapter also tells us about Dalit movements that rose against caste inequalities during the freedom struggle.
- The chapter ends by telling us how our constitution-makers tried to reduce inequalities in prejudices in independent India.