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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 8:India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

The chapter begins by telling us about the weather and the different seasons in India according to their weathers. We also learn about the differences between climate and weather. The chapter goes on to tell us about the vegetation in India, and we will also learn about the importance of forests in this chapter. The chapter concludes by telling us about flora and fauna found in different places in India. The points to be kept in mind from this chapter includes the following:

  • Weather is a consolidated term which refers to the day-to-day changes in the atmosphere.
  • India broadly experiences four different seasons in a year. These are the – cold-weather season, hot weather season, rainy season, and autumn season.
  • Climate is different from weather. The climate of a place is more prolonged than the weather. Climate is decided by a place's location, altitude, relief etc.
  • Some places in India experience extreme climates during summers and winters. Other places have relatively moderate climates throughout the year.
  • The chapter tells us about India's natural vegetation, i.e., crops and trees that are suitable to India's climate.
  • We also learn about the importance of forests and how humans are dependent on forest produce.
  • The chapter also mentions flora and fauna of our country. The tiger is our national animal, and the peacock is our national bird.
  • The chapter concludes by telling us about the various species of animals, birds, insects, reptiles, plants, trees etc. that are found in our country.
  • We also read a brief passage about migratory birds that can be seen in India.


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