Science and Technology have been an important part of India. The science and technology sector has always been India’s fastest-growing sector. India is presently ranked third in the world for the most attractive investment destinations for technological transactions, implying that India’s scientific areas have advanced significantly. India has risen to the top of the scientific research rankings in the twenty-first century. To bring India to this top position, many Indian scientists worked around it. Let’s look at the top 10 scientists in India.
List of Top 10 Indian Scientists
Dr. C.V. Raman
Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, commonly known as C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his revolutionary work on light scattering. He was born in Tiruchirapalli on November 7, 1888 and was the first Asian and non-White beneficiary of the Nobel Prize in the Science field. Dr. Raman also studied the acoustics of musical instruments and also was the foremost who investigated the harmonic aspect of tabla and mridangam drum sounds.
Homi J. Bhabha
The first Indian to hold the Chairman position of the Atomic Energy Commission, Bhabha returned to India after opting for a professional career in nuclear physics in the United Kingdom. Homi J. Bhabha played an important role in beginning the ambitious nuclear program by persuading the Congress Party’s senior officials, one of them being Jawaharlal Nehru.
Born on September 15, 1860, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya served as the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was majorly known as a civil engineer, educator, and statesman. He was honoured with the highest civilian award of the Republic of India, the Bharat Ratna.
Born in Tondaripet, a Chennai suburb, on May 18, 1929, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan was known for being a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was a world-renowned Radio Astronomer as well.
Known for the most well-known work on the energy radiation from stars, white dwarfs, stellar dynamics, stochastic process, radiative transfer, the quantum theory of the hydrogen anion, hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability, turbulence, equilibrium, and the stability of ellipsoidal figures of equilibrium, general relativity, mathematical theory of black holes and theory of colliding gravitational waves, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was an Indian American astrophysicist born on October 19, 1910, in Lahore, in times of British India. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 for his notable contribution to the mathematical theory of black holes with William A. Fowler.
Satyendra Nath Bose
SN Bose was born on January 1, 1894, in Calcutta and got popular as an Indian mathematician and physicist who specialized in quantum mechanics. Celebrated for his research and role in the ‘bosons particle class, he is well known for his contributions to the subject.
Meghnad Saha, known for his research work on the thermal ionization of elements, which led to the formulation of the Saha Equation, was born on October 6, 1893, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In the world of astrophysics, this equation is considered one of the most basic techniques used to describe star spectra’ chemical and physical conditions.
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai gained recognition as the father of India’s space program. Apart from being a physicist, he was also an astronomer who initiated space research and helped develop nuclear power in India. In 1996, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan and was later honoured by the Padma Vibhushan in 1972.
Jagadish Chandra Bose
J.C. Bose was an Indian plant physiologist and physicist known for his crescograph, which he used to evaluate plant response to multiple stimuli and propose that plants may feel pain, understand affection, etc. He was born on November 30, 1858, in Bikrampur, West Bengal.
A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, a.k.a A.P.J Abdul Kalam was a well-known Indian scientist, born on October 15, 1931. During his tenure, he worked for the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organisation as an aerospace engineer (ISRO) and had major contributions in the field of Science and Technology.