When it comes to mathematics, we always have two types of people, the ones who are absolutely amazing at maths, and those for whom mathematics is nothing less than a nightmare. But if we look at our daily lives, maths is a huge part of it. Our life would be incomplete without maths, ever wondered how? From cutting equal slices of cake to measuring weight or height, maths is involved in doing everything. Have you ever wondered how these magical mathematical concepts have arrived & the people behind their invention? Let us tell you about remarkable Indian Mathematicians who are celebrated on mathematics day:
Aryabhata was the first person to say that the Earth is spherical and it revolves around the sun & stated the correct number of days in a year is 365. He also gave the formula (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab. Further, he worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities.
The introduction of zero (0) to mathematics, which stood for “nothing”, was the biggest contribution of Brahmagupta. He also explained how to find the cube and cube root of an integer and gave rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was one of India’s greatest mathematical geniuses. He made substantial contributions to the Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums, products of hypergeometric series, and infinite series.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’s most significant contribution in the field of statistics was the Mahalanobis Distance. Besides these, he had also made pioneering studies in the field of anthropometry and had founded the Indian Statistical Institute. He also contributed to the design of large-scale sample surveys in India.
Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well-known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”. His contributions to statistical theory and applications are well known, and many of his results, which bear his name, are included in the curriculum of courses in statistics at bachelor’s and master’s levels all over the world.
Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar was an Indian recreational mathematician who described several classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and self-numbers and discovered the Kaprekar constant, named after him. Without any formal mathematical education, he published extensively and was very well known in the recreational mathematics circle.
Harish-Chandra FRS was an Indian American mathematician and physicist who did fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.
SATYENDRA NATH BOSE
Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein, Satyendra Nath Bose established modern theoretical physics in India. Bose made significant advances in statistical mechanics and quantum statistics, the description of all forces by single field theory, x-ray diffraction, and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere.
Bhaskara, an Indian astronomer, and mathematician helped to disseminate the mathematical work of Aryabhata. He was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.
Karmarkar’s algorithm is an algorithm introduced by Narendra Karmarkar in 1984 for solving linear programming problems. He is also listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.
Apart from the above-mentioned, there are many other famous Indian mathematicians who contributed to the origin of mathematics. They have made several contributions to mathematics that have significantly influenced scientists and mathematicians in the modern era.
Did you know? Mathematics also plays an important role in IIT-JEE preparation along with numerous other entrance examinations on both national and international levels. The latest technological developments have led to a drastic change in the way mathematics is taught to engineering students, as it now includes the usage of modern techniques based on old methodologies.
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