**Famous Indian Mathematicians:** When it comes to mathematics, we always have two types of people, the ones who are absolutely amazing at maths, and those for whom mathematics is nothing less than a nightmare. But if we look at our daily lives, maths is a huge part of it. Our life would be incomplete without maths, ever wondered how? From cutting equal slices of cake to measuring weight or height, maths is involved in doing everything. Have you ever wondered how these magical mathematical concepts arrived & the people behind their invention? Let us tell you about remarkable Indian Mathematicians who are celebrated on mathematics day:

## Indian Mathematician Name

ARYABHATA |

BRAHMAGUPTA |

SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN |

P.C. MAHALANOBIS |

C.R. RAO |

D.R. KAPREKAR |

HARISH CHANDRA |

SATYENDRA NATH BOSE |

BHASKARA |

NARENDRA KARMARKAR |

#### **ARYABHATA**

Aryabhata was the first person to say that the Earth is spherical and it revolves around the sun & stated the correct number of days in a year is 365. He also gave the formula (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab. Further, he worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities.

** BRAHMAGUPTA**

The introduction of zero (0) to mathematics, which stood for “nothing”, was the biggest contribution of Brahmagupta. He also explained how to find the cube and cube root of an integer and gave rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots.

** SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN**

Srinivasa Ramanujan was one of India’s greatest mathematical geniuses. He made substantial contributions to the Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums, products of hypergeometric series, and infinite series.

** P.C. MAHALANOBIS**

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’s most significant contribution in the field of statistics was the Mahalanobis Distance. Besides these, he also made pioneering studies in the field of anthropometry and founded the Indian Statistical Institute. He also contributed to the design of large-scale sample surveys in India.

** C.R. RAO**

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well-known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”. His contributions to statistical theory and applications are well known, and many of his results, which bear his name, are included in the curriculum of courses in statistics at bachelor’s and master’s levels all over the world.

** D.R. KAPREKAR **

Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar was an Indian recreational mathematician who described several classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and self-numbers and discovered the Kaprekar constant, named after him. Without any formal mathematical education, he published extensively and was very well-known in the recreational mathematics circle.

** HARISH CHANDRA **** **

Harish-Chandra FRS was an Indian American mathematician and physicist who did fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.

** SATYENDRA NATH BOSE **** **

Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein, Satyendra Nath Bose established modern theoretical physics in India. Bose made significant advances in statistical mechanics and quantum statistics, the description of all forces by single field theory, x-ray diffraction, and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere.

** BHASKARA **

Bhaskara, an Indian astronomer, and mathematician helped to disseminate the mathematical work of Aryabhata. He was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

** NARENDRA KARMARKAR **

Karmarkar’s algorithm is an algorithm introduced by Narendra Karmarkar in 1984 for solving linear programming problems. He is also listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.</span

Apart from the above-mentioned, there are many other famous Indian mathematicians who contributed to the origin of mathematics. They have made several contributions to mathematics that have significantly influenced scientists and mathematicians in the modern era.

Did you know? Mathematics also plays an important role in IIT-JEE preparation along with numerous other entrance examinations on both national and international levels. The latest technological developments have led to a drastic change in the way mathematics is taught to engineering students, as it now includes the usage of modern techniques based on old methodologies.

## FAQs About Indian Mathematicians

### 1. What is Indian mathematics famous for?

The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number, negative numbers, arithmetic, and algebra.

### 2. Who is the father of maths?

The Father of Math is the great Greek mathematician and philosopher Archimedes.

### 3. What did Indian mathematicians invent?

As well as giving us the concept of zero, Indian mathematicians made seminal contributions to the study of trigonometry, algebra, arithmetic, and negative numbers among other areas.

### 4. Who is the best female mathematicians in India?

Born in 1929, Shakuntala Devi was the first female Mathematician from India. She was fondly known as the “human computer” for her ability to perform lengthy calculations in her mind.

### 5. Is zero invented in India?

The concept of zero was developed in India, presumably as early as during the Gupta period.

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Where is name of Dr. Vashisht Narayan Singh, who challenged the Einstein’s theory of relativity ???

Hi Sameer,

Thanks for sharing your views. In this article, we have covered the top 10 Indian Mathematicians and have shared their theories. There are many more who have made great achievements. But all cannot be included here. But it is really appreciated if you can share some more interesting personalities with all of us that many of us are not familiar with.

Sir ,I want to ask a question .Generally it is beleived that Aryabhatta invented Zero. In this it is written that Brahmagupta invented zero.If so, why we were told that aryabhatta invented it?

Hi Ayush,

Thanks for your query.

The discovery of Zero is the greatest abstraction of the human mind. It is not wrong to say that the concept or the invention of zero was revolutionary in mathematics. Zero is a symbol for the concept of nothingness. Now a day’s zero both as a numeric symbol and a concept help us to do calculus, in solving complicated equations.

Zero became an important part of the number system in India. Brahmagupta a scholar and mathematician in AD 628 first time defined zero and its operation and developed a symbol for it which is a dot underneath the numbers. He had also written rules for mathematical operations like addition and subtraction using zero. Then, Aryabhatta a great mathematician and an astronomer used zero in the decimal system.

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